Stereotype threat effects on black and white athletic performance

Jeffrey A Stone, Mike Sjomeling, Christian I. Lynch, John M. Darley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

405 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two experiments showed that framing an athletic task as diagnostic of negative racial stereotypes about Black or White athletes can impede their performance in sports. In Experiment 1, Black participants performed significantly worse than did control participants when performance on a golf task was framed as diagnostic of "sports intelligence." In comparison, White participants performed worse than did control participants when the golf task was framed as diagnostic of "natural athletic ability." Experiment 2 observed the effect of stereotype threat on the athletic performance of White participants for whom performance in sports represented a significant measure of their self-worth. The implications of the findings for the theory of stereotype threat (C. M. Steele, 1997) and for participation in sports are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1213-1227
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume77
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999

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Athletic Performance
Sports
stereotype
threat
Golf
diagnostic
performance
experiment
Aptitude
Intelligence
Athletes
athlete
intelligence
hydroquinone
participation
ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Stereotype threat effects on black and white athletic performance. / Stone, Jeffrey A; Sjomeling, Mike; Lynch, Christian I.; Darley, John M.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 77, No. 6, 12.1999, p. 1213-1227.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stone, Jeffrey A ; Sjomeling, Mike ; Lynch, Christian I. ; Darley, John M. / Stereotype threat effects on black and white athletic performance. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1999 ; Vol. 77, No. 6. pp. 1213-1227.
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