Stereotypes and terror management: Evidence that mortality salience enhances stereotypic thinking and preferences

Jeff Schimel, Linda Simon, Jeff L Greenberg, Sheldon Solomon, Tom Pyszczynski, Jeannette Waxmonsky, Jamie Arndt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

214 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

If stereotypes function to protect people against death-related concerns, then mortality salience should increase stereotypic thinking and preferences for stereotype-confirming individuals. Study 1 demonstrated that mortality salience increased stereotyping of Germans. In Study 2, it increased participants' tendency to generate more explanations for stereotype-inconsistent than stereotype-consistent gender role behavior. In Study 3, mortality salience increased participants' liking for a stereotype-consistent African American and decreased their liking for a stereotype-inconsistent African American; control participants exhibited the opposite preference. Study 4 replicated this pattern with evaluations of stereotype-confirming or stereotype-disconfirming men and women. Study 5 showed that, among participants high in need for closure, mortality salience led to decreased liking for a stereotype-inconsistent gay man.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)905-926
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1999
Externally publishedYes

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stereotype
terrorism
mortality
Mortality
management
African Americans
evidence
Stereotyping
role behavior
Thinking
gender role
death
evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Stereotypes and terror management : Evidence that mortality salience enhances stereotypic thinking and preferences. / Schimel, Jeff; Simon, Linda; Greenberg, Jeff L; Solomon, Sheldon; Pyszczynski, Tom; Waxmonsky, Jeannette; Arndt, Jamie.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 77, No. 5, 11.1999, p. 905-926.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schimel, Jeff ; Simon, Linda ; Greenberg, Jeff L ; Solomon, Sheldon ; Pyszczynski, Tom ; Waxmonsky, Jeannette ; Arndt, Jamie. / Stereotypes and terror management : Evidence that mortality salience enhances stereotypic thinking and preferences. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1999 ; Vol. 77, No. 5. pp. 905-926.
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