Storage proteins in vespid wasps: Characterization, developmental pattern, and occurrence in adults

James H. Hunt, Norman A. Buck, Diana E Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wasps of family Vespidae contain three types of major proteins that have the size, amino acid composition, subunit composition, immunological reactivity, and pattern of occurrence characteristic of storage proteins. The three types of storage protein, which have been identified in other Hymenoptera, are very high density lipoprotein, high glutamine/glutamic acid protein, and hexamerin. The predominant pattern of occurrence for these proteins is as known from most or all Holometabola: synthesis during the last larval instar and utilization as an amino acid source during metamorphosis. Hexamerin also occurred in a large young adult female Monobia quadridens but not a small one, which suggests that carry-over into adult females is a reaction norm response to quantity of larval provisions, because these wasps could not have fed as adults. In two paper wasp species of the genus Polistes, hexamerin was present in large adult females which emerged during the colony cycle phase when reproductive females are typically produced, but not in adult female offspring that emerged earlier in the colony cycle or in adult females that were workers. It cannot be confirmed by these data that the hexamerin in the adult paper wasps represented carry-over from metamorphosis rather than post-emergence feeding, but the pattern of occurrence suggests that presence of storage protein may play a role in caste differentiation in paper wasps. No storage protein was found in any adult Vespula maculifrons, a yellowjacket wasp, suggesting that caste differentiation in vespine wasps does not incorporate storage protein as a component.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)785-794
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Insect Physiology
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003

Fingerprint

Wasps
storage proteins
hexamerins
Polistes
Proteins
caste determination
Vespidae
Monobia quadridens
metamorphosis
Vespula maculifrons
Social Class
proteins
Amino Acids
high density lipoprotein
Hymenoptera
glutamic acid
young adults
amino acid composition
glutamine
Adult Children

Keywords

  • Caste
  • Fat body
  • Hexamerin
  • High density lipoprotein
  • High glutamine/glutamic acid protein
  • Hymenoptera
  • Storage protein
  • Vespidae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Physiology

Cite this

Storage proteins in vespid wasps : Characterization, developmental pattern, and occurrence in adults. / Hunt, James H.; Buck, Norman A.; Wheeler, Diana E.

In: Journal of Insect Physiology, Vol. 49, No. 8, 01.08.2003, p. 785-794.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c45caf80f7a84e23af77232ef5a1869d,
title = "Storage proteins in vespid wasps: Characterization, developmental pattern, and occurrence in adults",
abstract = "Wasps of family Vespidae contain three types of major proteins that have the size, amino acid composition, subunit composition, immunological reactivity, and pattern of occurrence characteristic of storage proteins. The three types of storage protein, which have been identified in other Hymenoptera, are very high density lipoprotein, high glutamine/glutamic acid protein, and hexamerin. The predominant pattern of occurrence for these proteins is as known from most or all Holometabola: synthesis during the last larval instar and utilization as an amino acid source during metamorphosis. Hexamerin also occurred in a large young adult female Monobia quadridens but not a small one, which suggests that carry-over into adult females is a reaction norm response to quantity of larval provisions, because these wasps could not have fed as adults. In two paper wasp species of the genus Polistes, hexamerin was present in large adult females which emerged during the colony cycle phase when reproductive females are typically produced, but not in adult female offspring that emerged earlier in the colony cycle or in adult females that were workers. It cannot be confirmed by these data that the hexamerin in the adult paper wasps represented carry-over from metamorphosis rather than post-emergence feeding, but the pattern of occurrence suggests that presence of storage protein may play a role in caste differentiation in paper wasps. No storage protein was found in any adult Vespula maculifrons, a yellowjacket wasp, suggesting that caste differentiation in vespine wasps does not incorporate storage protein as a component.",
keywords = "Caste, Fat body, Hexamerin, High density lipoprotein, High glutamine/glutamic acid protein, Hymenoptera, Storage protein, Vespidae",
author = "Hunt, {James H.} and Buck, {Norman A.} and Wheeler, {Diana E}",
year = "2003",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0022-1910(03)00115-X",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "785--794",
journal = "Journal of Insect Physiology",
issn = "0022-1910",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Storage proteins in vespid wasps

T2 - Characterization, developmental pattern, and occurrence in adults

AU - Hunt, James H.

AU - Buck, Norman A.

AU - Wheeler, Diana E

PY - 2003/8/1

Y1 - 2003/8/1

N2 - Wasps of family Vespidae contain three types of major proteins that have the size, amino acid composition, subunit composition, immunological reactivity, and pattern of occurrence characteristic of storage proteins. The three types of storage protein, which have been identified in other Hymenoptera, are very high density lipoprotein, high glutamine/glutamic acid protein, and hexamerin. The predominant pattern of occurrence for these proteins is as known from most or all Holometabola: synthesis during the last larval instar and utilization as an amino acid source during metamorphosis. Hexamerin also occurred in a large young adult female Monobia quadridens but not a small one, which suggests that carry-over into adult females is a reaction norm response to quantity of larval provisions, because these wasps could not have fed as adults. In two paper wasp species of the genus Polistes, hexamerin was present in large adult females which emerged during the colony cycle phase when reproductive females are typically produced, but not in adult female offspring that emerged earlier in the colony cycle or in adult females that were workers. It cannot be confirmed by these data that the hexamerin in the adult paper wasps represented carry-over from metamorphosis rather than post-emergence feeding, but the pattern of occurrence suggests that presence of storage protein may play a role in caste differentiation in paper wasps. No storage protein was found in any adult Vespula maculifrons, a yellowjacket wasp, suggesting that caste differentiation in vespine wasps does not incorporate storage protein as a component.

AB - Wasps of family Vespidae contain three types of major proteins that have the size, amino acid composition, subunit composition, immunological reactivity, and pattern of occurrence characteristic of storage proteins. The three types of storage protein, which have been identified in other Hymenoptera, are very high density lipoprotein, high glutamine/glutamic acid protein, and hexamerin. The predominant pattern of occurrence for these proteins is as known from most or all Holometabola: synthesis during the last larval instar and utilization as an amino acid source during metamorphosis. Hexamerin also occurred in a large young adult female Monobia quadridens but not a small one, which suggests that carry-over into adult females is a reaction norm response to quantity of larval provisions, because these wasps could not have fed as adults. In two paper wasp species of the genus Polistes, hexamerin was present in large adult females which emerged during the colony cycle phase when reproductive females are typically produced, but not in adult female offspring that emerged earlier in the colony cycle or in adult females that were workers. It cannot be confirmed by these data that the hexamerin in the adult paper wasps represented carry-over from metamorphosis rather than post-emergence feeding, but the pattern of occurrence suggests that presence of storage protein may play a role in caste differentiation in paper wasps. No storage protein was found in any adult Vespula maculifrons, a yellowjacket wasp, suggesting that caste differentiation in vespine wasps does not incorporate storage protein as a component.

KW - Caste

KW - Fat body

KW - Hexamerin

KW - High density lipoprotein

KW - High glutamine/glutamic acid protein

KW - Hymenoptera

KW - Storage protein

KW - Vespidae

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0042631109&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0042631109&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0022-1910(03)00115-X

DO - 10.1016/S0022-1910(03)00115-X

M3 - Article

C2 - 12880659

AN - SCOPUS:0042631109

VL - 49

SP - 785

EP - 794

JO - Journal of Insect Physiology

JF - Journal of Insect Physiology

SN - 0022-1910

IS - 8

ER -