Análisis estratigráfico y de proveniencia de unidades de rocas triásicas entre los 28-29° s, norte de Chile: Implicancias en la evolución tectónica y paleogeográfica del margen suroccidental de Gondwana

Translated title of the contribution: Stratigraphic and provenance analysis of triassic rock units between 28-29° s, Northern Chile: Implications on the tectonic and paleogeographic evolution of the southwestern margin of Gondwana

Esteban Salazar, Paulina Vásquez, Daniela Vallejos, Christian Creixell, Verónica Oliveros, Mihai N. Ducea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Triassic rock units of northern Chile (28-29° S) record the transition, both in time and space, between two major orogenies that affected the southwestern margin of South America, the Gondwanian and Andean orogenies. The geodynamic configuration of the margin during this transition is still a matter of debate, particularly whether subduction was interrupted or continued under different parameters in between the orogenies. In order to evaluate these hypotheses by understanding the paleogeographic evolution of the margin, this work synthesizes recent stratigraphical, structural and geochronological data from northern Chile (28-29° S), along with detrital zircon analysis and detritus characterization of the two main siliciclastic Triassic basins present in the area. A detailed study of the evolution of the San Félix and the Canto del Agua basins, their source areas, and exhumation processes of the margin recognizes two stages of intra-arc/ forearc basins system development separated by a Carnian unconformity. The first stage (Lopingian-uppermost Middle Triassic) develops an eastern intra-arc basin, which is represented by the volcaniclastic rocks included in the Guanaco Sonso Formation and the roots of the volcanic arc represented by Chollay Plutonic Complex, bounded to the east by a Pennsylvanian-Cisuralian basement block. The forearc basin for this stage is constituted by two graben depocenter, separated by a topographic high, of marine to transitional depositional environment and proximal sediment sources. The eastern graben is filled by conglomerates and turbiditic rocks grouped in Members M1 to M4 of the San Félix Formation, and the western graben, by sedimentary and volcanic rocks of the lower section of the Canto del Agua Formation. The second stage (Norian-Rhaetian) involves an eastern intra-arc basin, represented by the volcanic rocks of the La Totora Formation that seals the exhumed roots of the magmatic arc developed in the previous stage, and a marine to transitional forearc basin to the west, represented by the sedimentary rocks of M5 member of the San Félix Formation and the upper section of the Canto del Agua Formation. These two successions show basal fluvial conglomerates unconformably overlying Anisian prodelta deposits of the first stage, recording a major base level drop of the forearc basin.

Translated title of the contributionStratigraphic and provenance analysis of triassic rock units between 28-29° s, Northern Chile: Implications on the tectonic and paleogeographic evolution of the southwestern margin of Gondwana
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)207-255
Number of pages49
JournalAndean Geology
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Carnian unconformity
  • Forearc basin
  • Gondwana
  • Intra-arc basin
  • Paleogeography
  • Triassic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Stratigraphy
  • Palaeontology

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