Stress and quality of sleep among individuals diagnosed with diabetes

Michelle M Perfect, Gary R. Elkins, Teresa Lyle-Lahroud, Jennie R. Posey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several studies have suggested that stress and sleep may be related to diabetic disease progression. Cortisol is one physiological indicator of stress that has been well validated in previous research. The primary objectives of the present study were (1) to examine the experiences of stress among patients diagnosed with diabetes and (2) to evaluate the quality of sleep among these participants. Participants (mean age = 34.99 years) were 20 adolescents and adults with Diabetes Mellitus; 13 had Type 1 and 17 were female. Primary measures included actigraphy, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), salivary cortisol and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Participants reported a moderate amount of stress (mean PSS scores = 20.2), slept an average of 6.51 h and exhibited at least one clinical indicator of sleep disturbance. Objectively measured total sleep time was associated with awakening cortisol (r = 0.62, p = 0.004) and PSQI Global scores (r = -0.51, p = 0.021). Awakening cortisol and PSS scores were not associated with PSQI Global scores, but were related to specifi c self-reported sleep disturbances. Given the interacting physiological pathways of stress and sleep, both of which were evident in this small sample, these variables warrant further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-74
Number of pages14
JournalStress and Health
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

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Sleep
Hydrocortisone
Actigraphy
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Disease Progression
Diabetes Mellitus
Research

Keywords

  • Actigraph
  • Cortisol
  • Diabetes
  • Sleep
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Applied Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Stress and quality of sleep among individuals diagnosed with diabetes. / Perfect, Michelle M; Elkins, Gary R.; Lyle-Lahroud, Teresa; Posey, Jennie R.

In: Stress and Health, Vol. 26, No. 1, 02.2010, p. 61-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Perfect, Michelle M ; Elkins, Gary R. ; Lyle-Lahroud, Teresa ; Posey, Jennie R. / Stress and quality of sleep among individuals diagnosed with diabetes. In: Stress and Health. 2010 ; Vol. 26, No. 1. pp. 61-74.
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