Stress Response: Sex Differences

Robert J Handa, R. F. McGivern

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sex differences in the hormonal and behavioral responses to stressors are well established in laboratory animals. These differences are related, in part, to the actions of gonadal steroids during early development, as well as adulthood. In laboratory animals, the hormonal reactivity to an emotional or physical stressor is greater in females, whereas behavioral responses are more severe in males. These differences are generally attributed to sex-related differences in coping strategies or in the perception of the stressor. In humans, gender differences in stress reactivity are more complex, with females tending to show greater responses to stressors involving social interactions, and males a greater response to those involving achievement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages511-517
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Laboratory Animals
Sex Characteristics
Interpersonal Relations
Steroids

Keywords

  • ACTH
  • Androgen
  • Anxiety
  • Corticosterone
  • Cortisol
  • Depression
  • Estrogen
  • Estrogen receptor
  • Glucocorticoid receptor
  • HPA axis
  • Learned helplessness
  • Negative feedback
  • Organizational
  • Paraventricular nucleus
  • Sex dimorphism
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Handa, R. J., & McGivern, R. F. (2010). Stress Response: Sex Differences. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 511-517). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00100-5

Stress Response : Sex Differences. / Handa, Robert J; McGivern, R. F.

Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd, 2010. p. 511-517.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Handa, RJ & McGivern, RF 2010, Stress Response: Sex Differences. in Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd, pp. 511-517. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00100-5
Handa RJ, McGivern RF. Stress Response: Sex Differences. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd. 2010. p. 511-517 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00100-5
Handa, Robert J ; McGivern, R. F. / Stress Response : Sex Differences. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd, 2010. pp. 511-517
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