Structural contingency theory and individual differences: Examination of external and internal person-team fit

John R. Hollenbeck, Henry Moon, Aleksander P.J. Ellis, Bradley J. West, Daniel R. Ilgen, Lori Sheppard, Christopher Q.L.H. Porter, John A. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

148 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article develops and tests a structurally based, integrated theory of person-team fit. The theory developed is an extension of structural contingency theory and considers issues of external fit simultaneously with its examination of internal fit at the team level. Results from 80 teams working on an interdependent team task indicate that divisional structures demand high levels of cognitive ability on the part of teammembers. However, the advantages of high cognitive ability in divisional structures are neutralized when there is poor external fit between the structure and the environment. Instead, emotional stability becomes a critical factor among teammembers when a divisional structure is out of alignment with its environment. Individual differences seem to play little or no role in functional structures, regardless of the degree of external fit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)599-606
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume87
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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