Structural equation models of VMT growth in US urbanised areas

Reid Ewing, Shima Hamidi, Frank Gallivan, Arthur Christian Nelson, James B. Grace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vehicle miles travelled (VMT) is a primary performance indicator for land use and transportation, bringing with it both positive and negative externalities. This study updates and refines previous work on VMT in urbanised areas, using recent data, additional metrics and structural equation modelling (SEM). In a cross-sectional model for 2010, population, income and freeway capacity are positively related to VMT, while gasoline prices, development density and transit service levels are negatively related. Findings of the cross-sectional model are generally confirmed in a more tightly controlled longitudinal study of changes in VMT between 2000 and 2010, the first model of its kind. The cross-sectional and longitudinal models together, plus the transportation literature generally, give us a basis for generalising across studies to arrive at elasticity values of VMT with respect to different urban variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3079-3096
Number of pages18
JournalUrban Studies
Volume51
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 11 2014
Externally publishedYes

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structural model
motorway
longitudinal study
land use
elasticity
income
vehicle
performance
Values
modeling

Keywords

  • compact development
  • road use pricing
  • transportation investments
  • vehicle miles travelled

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Urban Studies

Cite this

Structural equation models of VMT growth in US urbanised areas. / Ewing, Reid; Hamidi, Shima; Gallivan, Frank; Nelson, Arthur Christian; Grace, James B.

In: Urban Studies, Vol. 51, No. 14, 11.11.2014, p. 3079-3096.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ewing, R, Hamidi, S, Gallivan, F, Nelson, AC & Grace, JB 2014, 'Structural equation models of VMT growth in US urbanised areas', Urban Studies, vol. 51, no. 14, pp. 3079-3096. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098013516521
Ewing, Reid ; Hamidi, Shima ; Gallivan, Frank ; Nelson, Arthur Christian ; Grace, James B. / Structural equation models of VMT growth in US urbanised areas. In: Urban Studies. 2014 ; Vol. 51, No. 14. pp. 3079-3096.
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