Raman spectroscopy is used to examine the subtle effects of polar, hydrogen-bonding solvents; temperature; and the surface grafting method (surface- or solution-polymerized) on alkyl chain rotational and conformational order in a series of high-density octadecylsilane stationary phases ranging in surface coverage from 3.09 to 6.45 μmol/m2. Rotational and conformational order is assessed using the intensity ratio of the antisymmetric to symmetric v(CH2) modes as well as the frequencies at which these Raman bands are observed. Alkyl rotational and conformational order decreases with decreasing surface coverage in these polar solvents, consistent with the behavior of these materials in air. For homogeneously distributed, high surface coverage materials, these polar solvents induce rotational ordering that is proposed to be due to the self-association of these solvents through hydrogen bonding or other dipole interactions at the alkylsilane-solvent interface. From these observations, molecular pictures of these solvent-stationary-phase interfaces are proposed in which solvent interaction with the stationary phase occurs primarily at the distal methyl group of the alkyl chains.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry