In the reported experiments, small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) from glassy atactic polystyrene has been measured using a Bonse-Hart system. After correcting for absorption, background, and beam divergence, the scattering has been placed on an absolute basis using a standard silica suspension as a reference. The desmeared absolute intensity decreases strongly with increasing scattering angle over the range between 20 sec and 20 min. At larger angles, the intensity decreases much more slowly with increasing angle and approaches the value expected for density fluctuations frozen-in at the glass transition. The angular variation of intensity is well described by the scattering from heterogeneities of various sizes and concentrations superimposed on the scattering from thermal density fluctuations. These heterogeneities range in radius from 10 to 4000 A. The present SAXS results on glassy polystyrene seem inconsistent with the presence of nodular features as representative of the bulk polymer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||J Polym Sci Polym Phys Ed|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1978|
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