Structure of the turbulent interplanetary magnetic field

J. Glacalone, J. Randy Jokipii, W. H. Matthaeus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We show that two widely used but apparently different models of the turbulent interplanetary magnetic field are closely related. One of these is the so-called quasi-static turbulence model, in which interplanetary magnetic field fluctuations are generated at a source surface near the Sun by random transverse plasma motions (such as supergranulation at the solar photosphere or perhaps reconnection) and are thereafter carried outward at a uniform constant speed in a radial solar wind. The other model of heliospheric magnetic turbulence is known as the two-component model, in which the random part of the field is decomposed into components along the field (slab fluctuations) and normal to it. Both models have provided us with useful simplified parameterizations of interplanetary fluctuations, and both enter into calculations that show good agreement with observations. Here we show that by properly choosing the temporal and spatial dependence of the transverse velocity field at the solar source surface in the quasi-static model, we can generate a two-component model (as well as many others). In particular, the anisotropy observed in the turbulence can be incorporated into both models. This study provides us with important insights that increase our understanding of turbulence and energetic particle transport in the heliosphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume641
Issue number1 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2006

Fingerprint

interplanetary magnetic fields
magnetic field
static models
turbulence
heliosphere
turbulence models
energetic particles
photosphere
parameterization
solar wind
sun
slabs
velocity distribution
slab
anisotropy
energetics
plasma

Keywords

  • Diffusion
  • Interplanetary medium
  • Magnetic fields
  • Turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Structure of the turbulent interplanetary magnetic field. / Glacalone, J.; Jokipii, J. Randy; Matthaeus, W. H.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 641, No. 1 II, 10.04.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glacalone, J. ; Jokipii, J. Randy ; Matthaeus, W. H. / Structure of the turbulent interplanetary magnetic field. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 641, No. 1 II.
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