Structure refinement of an untwinned single crystal of Ag-excess fizélyite, Ag5.94Pb13.74Sb20.84S 48

Hexiong Yang, Robert T Downs, Jason B. Burt, Gelu Costin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The crystal structure of Ag-excess fizélyite from the Van Silver mine, just north of Squamish, British Columbia, Canada, was studied on the basis of X-ray-diffraction data collected from an untwinned single crystal. The structure was refined to R1 = 0.041 in space group P21/n, with unit-cell parameters a 19.2767(6), b 13.2345(4), c 8.7230(3) Å, β 90.401(2)°, and V 2225.3(1) Å3. The chemical composition of the sample, determined by electron-microprobe analysis, is Ag5.94Pb13.74Sb20.84S48, which reveals nearly one more Ag atom per formula unit than in the ideal composition, Ag5Pb14Sb21S48, presently proposed by the IMA for fizélyite. Except for an additional partially occupied Ag site (Ag2) and two split cation sites (Ag1 and M2) in our sample, fizélyite is isostructural with ramdohrite, CdAg5.5Pb 12Sb21.5S48. The structure of fizélyite contains chains of edge-sharing SbS6 octahedra connected by chains of alternating M1S6, (M1 = Pb + Sb) and SbS6 octahedra, forming slabs parallel to (100). The slabs of octahedra are linked by distorted AgS4 tetrahedra, M2S6 octahedra, and PbS8 polyhedra. The excess Ag in our fizélyite is mostly situated at the Ag2 site, and is likely responsible for the splitting of the Ag1 and M2 sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1257-1264
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Mineralogist
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009

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slab
Silver mines
Single crystals
crystal
Electron probe microanalysis
Chemical analysis
crystal structure
electron probe analysis
Cations
silver
cation
Crystal structure
chemical composition
X-ray diffraction
X ray diffraction
Atoms
parameter

Keywords

  • Ag excess
  • Andorite
  • Crystal structure
  • Fizéyite
  • Ramdohrite
  • Single-crystal X-ray-diffraction
  • Sulfosalt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Structure refinement of an untwinned single crystal of Ag-excess fizélyite, Ag5.94Pb13.74Sb20.84S 48. / Yang, Hexiong; Downs, Robert T; Burt, Jason B.; Costin, Gelu.

In: Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 47, No. 5, 10.2009, p. 1257-1264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yang, Hexiong ; Downs, Robert T ; Burt, Jason B. ; Costin, Gelu. / Structure refinement of an untwinned single crystal of Ag-excess fizélyite, Ag5.94Pb13.74Sb20.84S 48. In: Canadian Mineralogist. 2009 ; Vol. 47, No. 5. pp. 1257-1264.
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abstract = "The crystal structure of Ag-excess fiz{\'e}lyite from the Van Silver mine, just north of Squamish, British Columbia, Canada, was studied on the basis of X-ray-diffraction data collected from an untwinned single crystal. The structure was refined to R1 = 0.041 in space group P21/n, with unit-cell parameters a 19.2767(6), b 13.2345(4), c 8.7230(3) {\AA}, β 90.401(2)°, and V 2225.3(1) {\AA}3. The chemical composition of the sample, determined by electron-microprobe analysis, is Ag5.94Pb13.74Sb20.84S48, which reveals nearly one more Ag atom per formula unit than in the ideal composition, Ag5Pb14Sb21S48, presently proposed by the IMA for fiz{\'e}lyite. Except for an additional partially occupied Ag site (Ag2) and two split cation sites (Ag1 and M2) in our sample, fiz{\'e}lyite is isostructural with ramdohrite, CdAg5.5Pb 12Sb21.5S48. The structure of fiz{\'e}lyite contains chains of edge-sharing SbS6 octahedra connected by chains of alternating M1S6, (M1 = Pb + Sb) and SbS6 octahedra, forming slabs parallel to (100). The slabs of octahedra are linked by distorted AgS4 tetrahedra, M2S6 octahedra, and PbS8 polyhedra. The excess Ag in our fiz{\'e}lyite is mostly situated at the Ag2 site, and is likely responsible for the splitting of the Ag1 and M2 sites.",
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AB - The crystal structure of Ag-excess fizélyite from the Van Silver mine, just north of Squamish, British Columbia, Canada, was studied on the basis of X-ray-diffraction data collected from an untwinned single crystal. The structure was refined to R1 = 0.041 in space group P21/n, with unit-cell parameters a 19.2767(6), b 13.2345(4), c 8.7230(3) Å, β 90.401(2)°, and V 2225.3(1) Å3. The chemical composition of the sample, determined by electron-microprobe analysis, is Ag5.94Pb13.74Sb20.84S48, which reveals nearly one more Ag atom per formula unit than in the ideal composition, Ag5Pb14Sb21S48, presently proposed by the IMA for fizélyite. Except for an additional partially occupied Ag site (Ag2) and two split cation sites (Ag1 and M2) in our sample, fizélyite is isostructural with ramdohrite, CdAg5.5Pb 12Sb21.5S48. The structure of fizélyite contains chains of edge-sharing SbS6 octahedra connected by chains of alternating M1S6, (M1 = Pb + Sb) and SbS6 octahedra, forming slabs parallel to (100). The slabs of octahedra are linked by distorted AgS4 tetrahedra, M2S6 octahedra, and PbS8 polyhedra. The excess Ag in our fizélyite is mostly situated at the Ag2 site, and is likely responsible for the splitting of the Ag1 and M2 sites.

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