Student feelings of connection to the campus and openness to diversity and challenge at a large research university: Evidence of progress?

Jessica J. Summers, Marilla D. Svinicki, Joanna S. Gorin, Teresa A. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


Previous research conducted by Pascarella and his colleagues (1996) has shown that undergraduate students tend to change toward greater openness and tolerance to diversity from their freshman to their sophomore year. Although the study by Pascarella includes many different types of universities in the United States, the average size of the entering freshman class in their research was reported to be approximately 4,000 students. While these findings are extremely valued in a general sense, Pascarella believed that they might not be found at very large universities. To our surprise, our findings indicated that large universities may have higher levels of openness to diversity and campus connectedness than what was originally explained by Pascarella.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-64
Number of pages12
JournalInnovative Higher Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes



  • Campus community
  • Diversity
  • Student differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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