Studies of endogenous inhibitors of microsomal glutathione S-transferase.

T. D. Boyer, D. Zakim, D. A. Vessey

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Abstract

Glutathione S-transferase is present in rat liver microsomal fraction, but its activity is low relative to the transferase activity present in the soluble fraction of the hepatocyte. We have found, however, that the activity of microsomal glutathione S-transferase is increased 5-fold after treatment with small unilamellar vesicles made from phosphatidylcholine. The increase in activity is due to the removal of an inhibitor of the enzyme from the microsomal membrane. The inhibitor is present in the organic layer of a washed Folch extract of the microsomal fraction. When this fraction of the microsomal extract is reconstituted in the form of small unilamellar vesicles, it inhibits microsomal glutathione S-transferase that had been activated by prior treatment with small unilamellar vesicles of pure phosphatidylcholine, but does not affect the activity of unactivated microsomal glutathione S-transferase. The inhibitor did not seem to be formed during the isolation of the microsomal fraction, and hence may be a physiological regulator of microsomal glutathione S-transferase. In this regard, both free fatty acid (palmitate) and lysophosphatidylcholine were shown to inhibit the enzyme reversibly. The results indicate that the activity of microsomal glutathione S-transferase is far greater than appreciated until now, and that this form of the enzyme may be an important factor in the hepatic metabolism of toxic electrophiles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalThe Biochemical journal
Volume207
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1982

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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