Study of straw chamber lifetime with argon ethane

J. Adler, T. Bolton, K. Bunnell, Elliott C Cheu, C. Grab, G. Mazaheri, A. Odian, D. Pitman, W. Stockhausen, W. Toki, W. Wadley, C. Wood, R. Mir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present detailed laboratory measurements of the lifetime of a small test chamber, simulating the Mark III straw vertex chamber conditions. The tests were carried out with an argon-ethane 50 50 gas mixture at 3 atm absolute pressure and 3.9 kV applied to the wires. After the accumulation of ∼ 0.02 C/cm on a single straw, continuous discharges began. The addition of alcohol or water vapor to the gas mixture was found to extend the lifetime of the straws. Continuous flow of the gas mixture with water vapor through the straws prolonged the lifetime significantly. We present results on the effects of changing the gas mixture inside the straws at regular time intervals. Adding a small percentage of water vapor to the argon-ethane gas and flowing the gas mixture in the straws can improve the lifetime by more than an order of magnitude. An accumulated charge of 1.0 C/cm on a single straw has been obtained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-681
Number of pages3
JournalNuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A
Volume283
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Straw
Ethane
ethane
gas mixtures
Argon
chambers
argon
Gas mixtures
life (durability)
water vapor
Water vapor
test chambers
apexes
alcohols
wire
vapors
intervals
Alcohols
Wire
gases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Study of straw chamber lifetime with argon ethane. / Adler, J.; Bolton, T.; Bunnell, K.; Cheu, Elliott C; Grab, C.; Mazaheri, G.; Odian, A.; Pitman, D.; Stockhausen, W.; Toki, W.; Wadley, W.; Wood, C.; Mir, R.

In: Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A, Vol. 283, No. 3, 10.11.1989, p. 679-681.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adler, J, Bolton, T, Bunnell, K, Cheu, EC, Grab, C, Mazaheri, G, Odian, A, Pitman, D, Stockhausen, W, Toki, W, Wadley, W, Wood, C & Mir, R 1989, 'Study of straw chamber lifetime with argon ethane', Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A, vol. 283, no. 3, pp. 679-681. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-9002(89)91439-3
Adler, J. ; Bolton, T. ; Bunnell, K. ; Cheu, Elliott C ; Grab, C. ; Mazaheri, G. ; Odian, A. ; Pitman, D. ; Stockhausen, W. ; Toki, W. ; Wadley, W. ; Wood, C. ; Mir, R. / Study of straw chamber lifetime with argon ethane. In: Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, A. 1989 ; Vol. 283, No. 3. pp. 679-681.
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AU - Adler, J.

AU - Bolton, T.

AU - Bunnell, K.

AU - Cheu, Elliott C

AU - Grab, C.

AU - Mazaheri, G.

AU - Odian, A.

AU - Pitman, D.

AU - Stockhausen, W.

AU - Toki, W.

AU - Wadley, W.

AU - Wood, C.

AU - Mir, R.

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AB - We present detailed laboratory measurements of the lifetime of a small test chamber, simulating the Mark III straw vertex chamber conditions. The tests were carried out with an argon-ethane 50 50 gas mixture at 3 atm absolute pressure and 3.9 kV applied to the wires. After the accumulation of ∼ 0.02 C/cm on a single straw, continuous discharges began. The addition of alcohol or water vapor to the gas mixture was found to extend the lifetime of the straws. Continuous flow of the gas mixture with water vapor through the straws prolonged the lifetime significantly. We present results on the effects of changing the gas mixture inside the straws at regular time intervals. Adding a small percentage of water vapor to the argon-ethane gas and flowing the gas mixture in the straws can improve the lifetime by more than an order of magnitude. An accumulated charge of 1.0 C/cm on a single straw has been obtained.

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