Sub-aqueous sulfur volcanoes at Waiotapu, New Zealand

Stephen Grimes, David Rickard, Patrick Browne, Stuart Simmons, A.J. Timothy Jull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exhumed, sub-aqueous sulfur mounds occur in the Waiotapu geothermal area, New Zealand. The extinct mounds are <2 m high and composed of small (<0.5 cm) hollow spheres, and occasional teardrop-shaped globules. They are located within a drained valley that until recently was connected to Lake Whangioterangi. They were formed a maximum of 820 ± 80 years BP as a result of the rapid sub-aqueous deposition of sulfur globules, formed when fumarolic gases discharged through molten sulfur pools. Similar globules are now being formed by the discharge of fumarolic gases through a sub-aqueous molten sulfur pool in Lake Whangioterangi.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)729-738
Number of pages10
JournalGeothermics
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999

Fingerprint

Volcanoes
Sulfur
volcano
sulfur
Lakes
Molten materials
lake
Gases
gas
Discharge (fluid mechanics)
valley

Keywords

  • Fumaroles
  • Globules
  • New Zealand
  • Sulfur

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Sub-aqueous sulfur volcanoes at Waiotapu, New Zealand. / Grimes, Stephen; Rickard, David; Browne, Patrick; Simmons, Stuart; Jull, A.J. Timothy.

In: Geothermics, Vol. 28, No. 6, 12.1999, p. 729-738.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grimes, S, Rickard, D, Browne, P, Simmons, S & Jull, AJT 1999, 'Sub-aqueous sulfur volcanoes at Waiotapu, New Zealand', Geothermics, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 729-738. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0375-6505(99)00020-6
Grimes, Stephen ; Rickard, David ; Browne, Patrick ; Simmons, Stuart ; Jull, A.J. Timothy. / Sub-aqueous sulfur volcanoes at Waiotapu, New Zealand. In: Geothermics. 1999 ; Vol. 28, No. 6. pp. 729-738.
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