Subjective and psychophysiologic insomnia: An examination of sleep tendency and personality

Cynthia M. Dorsey, Richard R Bootzin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of this study was to compare insomniacs with and without objective verification, on the basis of sleep parameters, personality, and performance. An insomniac complaint group was subclassified as objective insomniac (OI) or subjective insomniac (SI) and compared to a non-complaint group. Groups did not differ on night sleep variables or daytime sleep latency measures; rather, a consistent sleep tendency was revealed for all three groups. The poorer the previous night of sleep, the longer the daytime sleep latencies. Groups differed on subjective measures of conscious state during the day. SIs inaccurately estimated sleep/wake state in comparison to objective measures on the MSLT, whereas OIs were accurate in their estimations. Personality scores showed trends that suggested greater neuroticism for SIs and introversion for OIs. Results demonstrated subjective tendencies and related personality types that may help in the understanding of the complaint of insomnia with and without objective findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-216
Number of pages8
JournalBiological Psychiatry
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 1997

Fingerprint

Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Personality
Sleep

Keywords

  • insomnia
  • multiple sleep latency test
  • personality
  • sleep latency
  • sleep tendency
  • subjective insomnia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Subjective and psychophysiologic insomnia : An examination of sleep tendency and personality. / Dorsey, Cynthia M.; Bootzin, Richard R.

In: Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 41, No. 2, 15.01.1997, p. 209-216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cc4a1ec5c9e547908961d59b5d93370f,
title = "Subjective and psychophysiologic insomnia: An examination of sleep tendency and personality",
abstract = "The goal of this study was to compare insomniacs with and without objective verification, on the basis of sleep parameters, personality, and performance. An insomniac complaint group was subclassified as objective insomniac (OI) or subjective insomniac (SI) and compared to a non-complaint group. Groups did not differ on night sleep variables or daytime sleep latency measures; rather, a consistent sleep tendency was revealed for all three groups. The poorer the previous night of sleep, the longer the daytime sleep latencies. Groups differed on subjective measures of conscious state during the day. SIs inaccurately estimated sleep/wake state in comparison to objective measures on the MSLT, whereas OIs were accurate in their estimations. Personality scores showed trends that suggested greater neuroticism for SIs and introversion for OIs. Results demonstrated subjective tendencies and related personality types that may help in the understanding of the complaint of insomnia with and without objective findings.",
keywords = "insomnia, multiple sleep latency test, personality, sleep latency, sleep tendency, subjective insomnia",
author = "Dorsey, {Cynthia M.} and Bootzin, {Richard R}",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/0006-3223(95)00659-1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "41",
pages = "209--216",
journal = "Biological Psychiatry",
issn = "0006-3223",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Subjective and psychophysiologic insomnia

T2 - An examination of sleep tendency and personality

AU - Dorsey, Cynthia M.

AU - Bootzin, Richard R

PY - 1997/1/15

Y1 - 1997/1/15

N2 - The goal of this study was to compare insomniacs with and without objective verification, on the basis of sleep parameters, personality, and performance. An insomniac complaint group was subclassified as objective insomniac (OI) or subjective insomniac (SI) and compared to a non-complaint group. Groups did not differ on night sleep variables or daytime sleep latency measures; rather, a consistent sleep tendency was revealed for all three groups. The poorer the previous night of sleep, the longer the daytime sleep latencies. Groups differed on subjective measures of conscious state during the day. SIs inaccurately estimated sleep/wake state in comparison to objective measures on the MSLT, whereas OIs were accurate in their estimations. Personality scores showed trends that suggested greater neuroticism for SIs and introversion for OIs. Results demonstrated subjective tendencies and related personality types that may help in the understanding of the complaint of insomnia with and without objective findings.

AB - The goal of this study was to compare insomniacs with and without objective verification, on the basis of sleep parameters, personality, and performance. An insomniac complaint group was subclassified as objective insomniac (OI) or subjective insomniac (SI) and compared to a non-complaint group. Groups did not differ on night sleep variables or daytime sleep latency measures; rather, a consistent sleep tendency was revealed for all three groups. The poorer the previous night of sleep, the longer the daytime sleep latencies. Groups differed on subjective measures of conscious state during the day. SIs inaccurately estimated sleep/wake state in comparison to objective measures on the MSLT, whereas OIs were accurate in their estimations. Personality scores showed trends that suggested greater neuroticism for SIs and introversion for OIs. Results demonstrated subjective tendencies and related personality types that may help in the understanding of the complaint of insomnia with and without objective findings.

KW - insomnia

KW - multiple sleep latency test

KW - personality

KW - sleep latency

KW - sleep tendency

KW - subjective insomnia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031040419&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031040419&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0006-3223(95)00659-1

DO - 10.1016/0006-3223(95)00659-1

M3 - Article

C2 - 9018392

AN - SCOPUS:0031040419

VL - 41

SP - 209

EP - 216

JO - Biological Psychiatry

JF - Biological Psychiatry

SN - 0006-3223

IS - 2

ER -