Submillimeter/thz rotational spectroscopy of SH+ (X3-): The complete N = = 1 ← 0 transition

D. T. Halfen, Lucy M Ziurys

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8 Scopus citations


The N = 1 0 transition of SH ( in its complete fine structure multiplet (J = 0 1, 2 1, and 1 1) has been measured using submillimeter/THz direct absorption spectroscopy in the frequency range near 346-683 GHz. This work is the first direct laboratory measurement of the J = 0 1 and 1 1 spin components. This molecular ion was created in the gas phase from a mixture of H2S and argon in an AC discharge. Hyperfine components, arising from the nuclear spin of H (I = 1/2), were resolved in every fine structure multiplet. The data have been analyzed using a Hund's case Hamiltonian, resulting in further improvement in the accuracy of the rotational, spin-rotation, spin-spin, and magnetic hyperfine constants for SH From these new data, frequency predictions have been made for the N = 2 1 and 3 2 transitions, with an estimated uncertainty of less than 1 MHz. These data also confirm the recent detection of the two hyperfine components of the N = 1 0, J = 0 1 transition of SH in the Orion Bar, as well as the J = 1 1 component of this molecular ion near 683 GHz toward Sgr B2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number119
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015


  • astrochemistry
  • ISM: molecules
  • line: identification
  • methods: laboratory: molecular
  • molecular data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


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