Subpicomolar sensing of δ-opioid receptor ligands by molecular-imprinted polymers using plasmon-waveguide resonance spectroscopy

Savitha Devanathan, Zdzislaw Salamon, Anoop Nagar, Subhash Narang, Donald Schleich, Paul Darman, Victor Hruby, Gordon Tollin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations


Here we report, for the first time, the formation of a biomimetic covalentiy imprinted polymeric sensor for a target ligand, the δ-opioid G-protein coupled receptor agonist DPDPE, which reproducibly exhibits subpicomolar binding affinity in an aqueous environment. In addition to having a well-defined and homogeneous binding site, the imprinted polymer template is quite stable to storage in both the dry and wet states and has at least 6 orders of magnitude higher affinities than exhibited by similar peptide-based molecular-imprinted polymers (MIPs) thus far. A highly sensitive optical detection methodology, plasmon-waveguide resonance spectroscopy, was employed, capable of measuring binding in real time and discriminating between ligand molecules, without requiring labeling protocols (fluorophores or radioisotopes). The DPDPE-imprinted polymer showed a broad structure-activity relationship profile, not unlike that found for protein receptors. Such sensitivity and robustness of MIPs suggests potential applications ranging from biowarfare agent detection to pharmaceutical screening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2569-2574
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical chemistry
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 15 2005


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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