We examined the effects of the neuropeptide substance P on pulmonary hemodynamic and transvascular fluid filtration in isolated Ringer's-perfused and blood-enriched Ringer's-perfused guinea pig lung and on albumin flux across bovine pulmonary artery endothelial monolayer. Mean pulmonary artery, left atrial, and capillary pressures were determined and used to calculate arterial and venous resistances, and lung weight was continuously monitored. Substance P (0.01-1.0 μM) caused marked increases in pulmonary arterial pressure, capillary pressure, venous resistance, and lung weight within 3-5 minutes after administration. These responses remained elevated above baseline at the end of the 30-minute experimental period in the Ringer's-perfused lungs but not in the blood-enriched Ringer's-perfused lungs. Substance P did not alter the capillary filtration coefficient in isolated lungs and transendothelial albumin permeability in the endothelial monolayer. Substance P resulted in an increase in venous effluent thromboxane B2 concentrations in perfused lungs but had no effect on 6-keto-prostaglandin F(1α) concentrations. Papaverine (0.27 mM) (a smooth-muscle relaxant) abolished the pulmonary microvascular response to substance P in Ringer's-perfused lungs, and meclofenamate (0.15 mM) (a cyclooxygenase inhibitor) attenuated the pulmonary vasoconstriction and lung weight increase. Pyrilamine (1.0 μM) (a histamine1-receptor antagonist) did not alter the responses to substance P. In conclusion, substance P does not affect pulmonary vascular permeability to water and protein. Substance P induces an intense pulmonary vasoconstriction (due to greater constriction of postcapillary vessels) and an elevation in pulmonary capillary pressure that increases net transvascular fluid filtration. The generation of cyclooxygenase metabolites contributes to substance P-induced pulmonary vasoactivity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine