The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays an essential role in plant development and during the response of the plant to abiotic stress. In this study, we report that the R2R3-type transcription factor MYB30 is involved in the regulation of ABA signaling. Arabidopsis mutants lacking MYB30 are hypersensitive to ABA during germination and seedling growth. A K283R substitution in MYB30 blocks its SUMO E3 ligase SIZ1-mediated sumoylation in Arabidopsis protoplasts, indicating that MYB30 is sumoylated by SIZ1 and that K283 is the principal site for small ubiquitin-like modifier conjugation. Expression of MYB30K283R in myb30 partially rescues the mutant ABA-hypersensitive phenotype, but expression of wild-type MYB30 complements the mutant phenotype. Overexpression of MYB30 in wild-type results in an ABA-insensitive phenotype, whereas overexpression of MYB30 in the siz1 mutant does not alter siz1 hypersensitivity to ABA. The siz1-2 myb30-2 double-mutant exhibits greater ABA sensitivity than either single mutant, but a mutation in the SIZ1-sumoylated ABI5 transcription factor suppresses the ABA hypersensitivity of myb30-2 to wild-type levels. Our results suggest that coordination of ABI5 and MYB30 sumoylation by SIZ1may balance gene expression,which is required for regulation of ABA signaling during seed germination.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jul 31 2012|
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