Supernova, nuclear synthesis, fluid instabilities, and interfacial mixing

Snezhana I. Abarzhi, Aklant K. Bhowmick, Annie Naveh, Arun Pandian, Nora C. Swisher, Robert F. Stellingwerf, W. David Arnett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Supernovae and their remnants are a central problem in astrophysics due to their role in the stellar evolution and nuclear synthesis. A supernova’s explosion is driven by a blast wave causing the development of Rayleigh–Taylor and Richtmyer–Meshkov instabilities and leading to intensive interfacial mixing of materials of a progenitor star. Rayleigh–Taylor and Richtmyer–Meshkov mixing breaks spherical symmetry of a star and provides conditions for synthesis of heavy mass elements in addition to light mass elements synthesized in the star before its explosion. By focusing on hydrodynamic aspects of the problem, we apply group theory analysis to identify the properties of Rayleigh–Taylor and Richtmyer–Meshkov dynamics with variable acceleration, discover subdiffusive character of the blast wave-induced interfacial mixing, and reveal the mechanism of energy accumulation and transport at small scales in supernovae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18184-18192
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume116
Issue number37
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 10 2019

Keywords

  • Blast waves
  • Nuclear synthesis
  • Rayleigh–Taylor instabilities
  • Rayleigh–Taylor interfacial mixing
  • Supernovae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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