Supporting material affects the growth and development of in vitro sweet potato plantlets cultured photoautotrophically

F. Afreen-Zobayed, S. M.A. Zobayed, C. Kubota, T. Kozai, O. Hasegawa

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35 Scopus citations

Abstract

A comparative study was conducted to optimize the vegetative growth of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. (Lam), cv. Beniazuma) plantlets cultured in vitro in five different types of supporting materials: agar matrix (a seaweed derivative; Kanto Chemical Co. Inc., Tokyo), gellan gum (a Pseudomonas derivative; Kanto Chemical Co. Inc., Tokyo), vermiculite (a kind of hydrous silicates), a mixture of vermiculite and cellulose fiber (Florialite; Nisshinbo Industries, Inc., Tokyo) and cellulose plug (Sorbarod; Baumgartner Rapiers SA., Switzerland). Single nodal cuttings were cultured photoautotrophically (without any sugar in the medium and with enriched CO2 and high photosynthetic photon flux) for 21 d on MS basal medium. Plantlets exhibited the greatest growth when Florialite was used as supporting material. The leaf and root fresh and dry mass were 2.4X and 2.9X, and 2.2X and 2.8X greater, respectively, than those of the plantlets grown in the agar matrix (control). Plantlets cultured in Sorbarod supporting material exhibited the second greatest fresh and dry mass of leaves and roots followed by vermiculite and gellan gum supporting material. The most interesting feature was the development of a large number of fine lateral roots from the main adventitious root in the Florialite treatment. Among the treatments, the highest net photosynthetic rate was evident in the Florialite grown plantlets. The percent porosity of the supporting materials was highest in Sorbarod followed by Florialite and vermiculite. Plantlets transplanted from the Florialite supporting material exhibited the highest acclimatization percentage followed by that of the Sorbarod treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)470-474
Number of pages5
JournalIn Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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Keywords

  • Agar
  • CO enrichment
  • Cellulose fiber
  • Root
  • Vermiculite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Plant Science

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