Purpose: IFN-based therapy has been shown to be active in the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin, the most aggressive form of non-melanoma skin cancer. Based largely on this activity, we began programmatically examining the expression of IFN-stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF-3) proteins (signal transducers and activators of transcription 1α/β, signal transducers and activators of transcription 2, and p48), which are important mediators of IFN-α signaling, in skin premalignancy and SCC. Our previous preliminary studies suggested suppression of some or all of the ISGF-3 proteins in skin SCC. Experimental Design: To determine the timing of the suppression of IFN-α signaling proteins in squamous skin carcinogenesis, we have now compared ISGF-3 expression by immunohistochemical staining in biopsies of actinic keratosis, a form of skin premalignancy, and matched normal skin. Results: We observed a significant decrease in expression of one or more ISGF-3 proteins in 76% of patients with actinic keratosis (19 of 25 patients). In addition, we found a suppression of one or more ISGF-3 proteins in 67% of skin SCC patients tested (12 of 18 patients), confirming our previous observations. Conclusions: These data have led to the hypothesis that the suppressed expression of ISGF-3 proteins and consequent reduction in responsiveness to endogenous IFN likely are an early event in skin carcinogenesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research