Mixed-mode grinding occurs when a bound abrasive works in both brittle and ductile regimes simultaneously. Substrates ground in a mixed-mode behavior show reduced curvature induced by compressive surface forces than loose abrasives as demonstrated by observing the Twyman effect. This reduction in bending corresponds to reduced subsurface damage. This is verified by controlled acid etching, which shows the exponential decay of the compressive force per unit length. Loose abrasive particles, added to maintain pad wear due to low pressures, have no effect on the measured stresses. If loose abrasive wear ceases, the pads glaze. Glazing creates near-specular surfaces while reducing measurable stress. These effects for borosilicate glass and Trizact grinding pads are explored and quantified.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics