Symptom Relief After Laparoscopic Paraesophageal Hernia Repair Without Mesh

Rym El Khoury, Mauricio Ramirez, Eric S. Hungness, Nathaniel J. Soper, Marco G. Patti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic repair of paraesophageal hernia (LPEHR) is considered today the standard of care for this condition. While attention has been mostly focused on the incidence of postoperative radiologic recurrence of a hiatal hernia, few data are available about the effect of the operation on symptoms. Aims: In this study, we aim to determine the effect of primary LPEHR on postoperative symptoms. Patients and Methods: One hundred and sixty-two patients underwent LPEH repair in two academic tertiary care centers. Preoperative evaluation included barium swallow (100 %), endoscopy (80 %), manometry (81 %), and pH monitoring (25 %). Type III PEH was the most common (94 %), and it was associated with a gastric volvulus in 27 % of patients. Results: A fundoplication was performed in all patients: Nissen in 57 %, Dor in 36 %, and Toupet in 6 %. A Collis gastroplasty was added in 6 % of patients. There were no perioperative deaths. The intraoperative complication rate was 7 %. The operation was completed laparoscopically in 98 % of patients. Postoperative complications occurred in four patients, and three needed a second operation. Average follow-up was 24 months. Heartburn, regurgitation, chest pain, dysphagia, respiratory symptoms, and hoarseness improved as a result of the operation. Anemia fully resolved in all patients. Conclusions: LPEH repair is safe and effective, and the need for reoperation is rare. Few patients experience postoperative symptoms, and these are easily controlled with acid-reducing medications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1938-1942
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 5 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anemia
  • Dor fundoplication
  • Dysphagia
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Heartburn
  • Nissen fundoplication
  • Paraesophageal hernia
  • Regurgitation
  • Toupet fundoplication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

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