Synaptic homeostasis is a phenomenon that prevents the nervous system from descending into chaos. In this issue of Neuron, Frank et al. overturn the notion that synaptic homeostasis at Drosophila NMJs is a slow developmental process. They report that postsynaptic changes are offset within minutes by a homeostatic increase in neurotransmitter release that requires the presynaptic Ca2+ channel Cacophony.
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