Syndecan-1 (Sdc-1) and glypican-1 (Gpc-1) are 2 important proteoglycans found in the glycocalyx and believed to govern transvascular distribution of fluid and protein. In this translational study, we assessed Sdc-1 and Gpc-1 knockout (KO) on whole body water balance after an intravenous volume challenge. Sdc-1 and Gpc-1 KO mice had higher starting blood water content versus strain-matched controls. Sdc-1 KO mice exhibited a significantly higher diuretic response (87%; p < 0.05), higher excreted volume/infusion volume ratio (p < 0.01), higher extravascular/infused ratio, and greater tissue water concentration (60 vs. 52%). Collectively, these suggest differences in kidney response and greater fluid efflux from peripheral vessels. The CD1 strain and Gpc-1 KO had a 2-3-fold larger urine output relative to C57 strain, but Gpc-1 KO reduced the excreted/infused ratio relative to controls (p < 0.01) and they maintained plasma dilution longer. Thus, genetic KO of Sdc-1 and Gpc-1 resulted in markedly different phenotypes. This work establishes the feasibility of performing fluid balance studies in mice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine