Synthesis of electrostatic lenses by simulated annealing

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1 Scopus citations


The use of simulated annealing is proposed for automatic design of electrostatic lenses with given first-order properties and minimum aberrations. The synthesis of a high-quality lens for focusing an ion beam produced by a liquid-metal source is shown as an example.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5087-5089
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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