SYNTHESIS, PHARMACOLOGICAL, CONFORMATIONAL, AND DYNAMIC STUDIES OF THE POTENT HORMONE ANTAGONISTS [1‐PENICILLAMINE, 4‐THREONINE]‐OXYTOCIN AND [1‐PENICILLAMINE, 2‐PHENYLALANINE, 4‐THREONINE] ‐OXYTOCIN: Conformational and Dynamic Considerations in the Design of Antagonists

VICTOR J. HRUBY, HENRY I. MOSBERG, MAC E. HADLEY, W. Y. CHAN, ANDREA M. POWELL

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The solid phase synthesis of [1‐penicillamine, 4‐threonine]‐oxytocin and [1‐penicillamine 2‐phenylalanine, 4‐threonine]‐oxytocin is reported. The two compounds have no in vitro milk ejecting activity and no in vivo or in vitro oxytocic activity, but both are potent antagonists in these three assay systems. In the in vitro oxytocic assay, [1‐penicillamine, 4‐threonine]‐and [1‐penicillamine, 2‐phenylalanine, 4‐threonine]‐oxytocin have pA2 values of 7.55 ± 0.04 and 7.67 ± 0.02, respectively, and both inhibit the uterine contractile response to oxytocin in nonpregnant and pregnant rats. [1‐Penicillamine, 2‐phenylalanine, 4‐threonine]‐oxytocin has a weak antipressor activity and at high doses, consistently caused a weak and transient fall in blood pressure in the rat. Carbon‐13 nuclear magnetic resonance chemical shift parameters and spin‐lattice relaxation times (T1) indicate that these two new oxytocin antagonists have very similar conformation and dynamic properties to oxytocin inhibitors which have previously been examined. These results are discussed in terms of conformational and dynamic models of oxytocin antagonism at the uterus. It is suggested that conformational restrictions at the 2‐ and 4‐positions of penicillamine‐1 analogues of oxytocin are important to antagonist activity and potency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)372-381
Number of pages10
JournalInternational journal of peptide and protein research
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1980

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • inhibitors
  • nuclear magnetic resonance
  • peptide hormones
  • solid phase synthesis
  • structure‐function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this