System dynamics and performance factors of a lunar greenhouse prototype bioregenerative life support system

Murat Kacira, Gene A Giacomelli, R. L. Patterson, Roberto Furfaro, P. D. Sadler, G. Boscheri, C. Lobascio, M. Lamantea, R. M. Wheeler, S. Rossignoli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Future habitation of space, including lunar outposts will require special systems capable of performing important tasks such as revitalizing atmosphere (generate oxygen and fix carbon dioxide), purifying water (e.g., via plant transpiration), and growing human food. Bioregenerative Life Support Systems (BLSS) represent a solution to the problem of sustaining human existence in space. The lunar greenhouse (LGH) prototype project funded by NASA Steckler Phase I Space Grant supported collaboration from a multidisciplinary and multinational team to evaluate the scientific and technical merit and feasibility of a lunar greenhouse prototype for BLSS. The LGH system was constructed to be lightweight, collapsible for transport, autonomous for deployment, modular for expansion, with a hydroponic multi-cropping system that could produce NASA candidate crops such as lettuce, strawberry, sweet potato, and tomato. The system was instrumented to continuously monitor all primary resource inputs (feed water, nutrient solution, CO2, labor, and energy) as well as desired outputs (biomass, condensed water, oxygen generated). This paper reports results of a nine-month research with four repeated closure experiments on production outputs and resource inputs of the LGH system. The Phase I project concluded that the LGH system was capable of producing 2.26±0.33 kg day-1 biomass, 21.4±1.85 kg day -1 of condensed water, and consuming 0.07±0.11 kg day -1 fertilizer, 25.7±3.31 kg day-1 input water, 100.3 kWh day-1 (361.1 MJ day-1) as well as 35.9 min day-1 labor use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationActa Horticulturae
Pages575-582
Number of pages8
Volume952
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume952
ISSN (Print)05677572

Fingerprint

support systems
prototypes
greenhouses
water
labor
carbon dioxide
oxygen
biomass
sweet potatoes
hydroponics
lettuce
strawberries
nutrient solutions
cropping systems
transpiration
foods
fertilizers
tomatoes
energy
crops

Keywords

  • Bioregenerative
  • Greenhouse
  • Life support
  • Lunar habitat
  • Space

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Kacira, M., Giacomelli, G. A., Patterson, R. L., Furfaro, R., Sadler, P. D., Boscheri, G., ... Rossignoli, S. (2012). System dynamics and performance factors of a lunar greenhouse prototype bioregenerative life support system. In Acta Horticulturae (Vol. 952, pp. 575-582). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 952).

System dynamics and performance factors of a lunar greenhouse prototype bioregenerative life support system. / Kacira, Murat; Giacomelli, Gene A; Patterson, R. L.; Furfaro, Roberto; Sadler, P. D.; Boscheri, G.; Lobascio, C.; Lamantea, M.; Wheeler, R. M.; Rossignoli, S.

Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 952 2012. p. 575-582 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 952).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kacira, M, Giacomelli, GA, Patterson, RL, Furfaro, R, Sadler, PD, Boscheri, G, Lobascio, C, Lamantea, M, Wheeler, RM & Rossignoli, S 2012, System dynamics and performance factors of a lunar greenhouse prototype bioregenerative life support system. in Acta Horticulturae. vol. 952, Acta Horticulturae, vol. 952, pp. 575-582.
Kacira M, Giacomelli GA, Patterson RL, Furfaro R, Sadler PD, Boscheri G et al. System dynamics and performance factors of a lunar greenhouse prototype bioregenerative life support system. In Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 952. 2012. p. 575-582. (Acta Horticulturae).
Kacira, Murat ; Giacomelli, Gene A ; Patterson, R. L. ; Furfaro, Roberto ; Sadler, P. D. ; Boscheri, G. ; Lobascio, C. ; Lamantea, M. ; Wheeler, R. M. ; Rossignoli, S. / System dynamics and performance factors of a lunar greenhouse prototype bioregenerative life support system. Acta Horticulturae. Vol. 952 2012. pp. 575-582 (Acta Horticulturae).
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