Murine AIDS, induced by LP-BM5 murine leukemia retrovirus infection, causes a progressive and profound immunodeficiency in female C57B1/6 mice. Previously, we reported that autoantibodies were elevated during the initiation phases of this murine retrovirus infection and bound peptide determinants corresponding to CDR1 of several TCR Vβ-chains. Therefore, we designed studies to determine whether administration of a major autoimmunogenic TCR Vβ CDR1 peptide before or after infection with LP-BM5 retrovirus would modulate retrovirus-induced dysregulation of T cell function. Administration of the TCR Vβ CDR1 peptide before murine retrovirus infection significantly prevented its suppression of splenic NK cell activity, T and B cell proliferation, and monokine (IL-6 and TNF-α) and Th1 cytokine (IL-2 and IFN-γ) release by splenocytes, and inhibited retrovirus- induced elevation of Th2 cytokine (IL-5 and IL-10). Similar data were obtained with peptide immunization 2 wk after murine retrovirus infection at 6 and 16 wk postinfection. However, delaying peptide immunization until severe suppression of T and B cell mitogenesis had occurred did not restore their functions. Immunization with TCR Vβ peptide prevents development of retrovirus-induced immune dysfunction, which suggests a possible pathogenic rope of autoreactive T cells as regulatory elements.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy