Tactile allodynia, but not thermal hyperalgesia, of the hindlimbs is blocked by spinal transection in rats with nerve injury

Di Bian, Michael H. Ossipov, Chengmin Zhong, T. Philip Malan, Frank Porreca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spinal nerve ligation produces signs of neuropathic pain in rats. Different neuronal pathways may underlie the abnormal sensory responses to thermal and tactile stimuli. Here, the possibility that local circuitry in the spinal cord and/or spinal-supraspinal loops might be involved in tactile allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia of the hindpaws was investigated by transecting the spinal cord of sham-operated or L5/L6 nerve ligated rats. Spinal transection completely abolished tactile allodynia in ligated rats. Thermal nocifensive responses were present after transection in ligated and sham-operated rats. Thermal hyperalgesia of the hindpaws was not evident in spinal transected, ligated rats. Tail-withdrawal responses to tactile probing were very robust after spinal transection in both groups, demonstrating loss of descending inhibition. These observations suggest that thermal hyperalgesia of the paw seen after nerve injury involves both spinal and supraspinal circuits, while tactile allodynia depends on a supraspinal loop. This difference may reflect afferent inputs associated with different fiber types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-82
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume241
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 1998

Keywords

  • Allodynia
  • Hyperalgesia
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Spinal transection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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