Targeted Temperature Management: Quantifying the Extent of Serum Electrolyte and Blood Glucose Shifts in Postcardiac Arrest Patients

Christina Xie, Robyn Basken, Jacqueline Finger, Brian Erstad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study aims to quantify the extent of electrolyte (potassium, magnesium, and phosphorus) and blood glucose changes during targeted temperature management (TTM), with insight on electrolyte replacements and insulin administration. This was a 3-year retrospective study of patients who underwent TTM via Arctic Sun. Electrolyte and blood glucose values in addition to electrolyte replacements and insulin administrations were collected before, during, and post-TTM. The primary analysis assessed changes in electrolyte and blood glucose values during and after TTM, and the secondary analysis assessed changes before and during, and before and after TTM. The secondary analysis also incorporated amount of electrolyte replacements and insulin administrations patients received before, during, and post-TTM. Sixty patients were included for analysis. Comparing levels during to after TTM, there was a significant increase in potassium (3.7 [0.7]-4.4 [0.7] mmol/L, p < 0.001) and decrease in blood glucose (192 [135]-134 [55] mg/dL, p = 0.001). Comparing levels before to during TTM, there was a significant decrease in potassium (4.3 [0.7]-3.7 [0.7] mmol/L, p < 0.001) and phosphorus (4.8 [3.2]-3.4 [1.5] mg/dL, p = 0.003). Comparing levels before to after TTM, there was a significant decrease in phosphorus (4.5 [2.9]-3.3 [1.2] mmol/L, p = 0.026) and blood glucose (219 [35]-134 [55] mg/dL, p < 0.001). Patients received on average potassium 102 mEq, magnesium 1.9 g, phosphorus 9 mmol, and insulin 94 units. Potassium significantly decreased during and significantly increased after TTM. Phosphorus significantly decreased during TTM and blood glucose significantly decreased after TTM. There were no significant changes in magnesium during the defined time period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-81
Number of pages6
JournalTherapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • blood glucose
  • cardiac arrest
  • electrolyte
  • hypothermia
  • postresuscitation cooling
  • targeted temperature management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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