Unicellular drug-resistant models have been critical in elucidating intrinsic drug-resistant mechanisms; however, these models do not consider resistance mechanisms that may be elicited by extrinsic influences such as the tumor microenvironment. We propose that specific niches within the tumor microenvironment may provide a sanctuary for subpopulations of tumor cells to evade or circumvent drug-induced death and that this may represent a form of de novo drug resistance. We have found that elements of the bone marrow microenvironment, including extracellular matrices and normal stromal elements, protect malignant cells, including leukemia and myeloma cells, from drug-induced cell death. This extrinsic form of drug resistance may allow cells to survive initial drug treatment and thereby acquire a more complex, intrinsic drug-resistant phenotype. Focusing on this form of do novo drug resistance may ultimately prevent the emergence of acquired drug resistance and enhance drug therapy for hematologic malignancies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Seminars in hematology|
|Issue number||2 SUPPL. 4|
|State||Published - Apr 2004|
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