A technique for modifying vocal tract area functions is developed by using sum and difference combinations of acoustic sensitivity functions to perturb an initial vocal tract configuration. First, sensitivity functions [e.g., Fant and Pauli, Proc. Speech Comm. Sem. 74, 1975] are calculated for a given area function, at its specific formant frequencies. The sensitivity functions are then multiplied by scaling coefficients that are determined from the difference between a desired set of formant frequencies and those supported by the current area function. The scaled sensitivity functions are then summed together to generate a perturbation of the area function. This produces a new area function whose associated formant frequencies are closer to the desired values than the previous one. This process is repeated iteratively until the coefficients are equal to zero or are below a threshold value.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics