Terahertz excitations of lambda systems in a semiconductor microcavity

A. C. Klettke, M. Kira, S. W. Koch, J. L. Tomaino, A. D. Jameson, Y. S. Lee, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Recent experiment-theory investigations have demonstrated that the 2p-exciton state and the polariton resonances of a semiconductor quantum-well (QW) microcavity form a lambda (Λ) system where a terahertz (THz) field can selectively couple to either of the transitionallowed arms. However, semiconductors are open systems because seemingly isolated states are coupled to the continuum of states, either directly or via Coulomb or phonon scattering. A systematic theory is presented to treat these effects in a Λ system and in a two-level system (TLS) described by the 1s-to-2p exciton transition in a semiconductor QW, without the microcavity. Excitonic occupations of polarization are analyzed as function of THz-field frequency and intensity with (Λ system) and without (TLS) cavity. Even though the existence of Λ and TLS resonances is verified, significant deviations are observed at higher THz intensities, as higher ionized exciton states are generated via multi-THz-photon absorption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1222-1225
Number of pages4
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (C) Current Topics in Solid State Physics
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013


  • Lambda-systems
  • Microcavity polaritons
  • Terahertz spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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