Teratopyrones A-C, Dimeric Naphtho-γ-Pyrones and Other Metabolites from Teratosphaeria sp. AK1128, a Fungal Endophyte of Equisetum arvense

Ya Ming Xu, A. Elizabeth Arnold, Jana M. U Ren, Li Jiang Xuan, Wen Qiong Wang, A. A.Leslie Gunatilaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bioassay-guided fractionation of a cytotoxic extract derived from a solid potato dextrose agar (PDA) culture of Teratosphaeria sp. AK1128, a fungal endophyte of Equisetum arvense, afforded three new naphtho-γ-pyrone dimers, teratopyrones A-C (1-3), together with five known naphtho-γ-pyrones, aurasperone B (4), aurasperone C (5), aurasperone F (6), nigerasperone A (7), and fonsecin B (8), and two known diketopiperazines, asperazine (9) and isorugulosuvine (10). The structures of 1-3 were determined on the basis of their spectroscopic data. Cytotoxicity assay revealed that nigerasperone A (7) was moderately active against the cancer cell lines PC-3M (human metastatic prostate cancer), NCI-H460 (human non-small cell lung cancer), SF-268 (human CNS glioma), and MCF-7 (human breast cancer), with IC50s ranging from 2.37 to 4.12 μM while other metabolites exhibited no cytotoxic activity up to a concentration of 5.0 μM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecules
Volume25
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 30 2020

Keywords

  • Teratosphaeria
  • endophytic fungus
  • naphtho-γ-pyrones
  • nigerasperone A
  • teratopyrones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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