Terror Management and Tolerance: Does Mortality Salience Always Intensify Negative Reactions to Others Who Threaten One's Worldview?

Jeff L Greenberg, Linda Simon, Tom Pyszczynski, Sheldon Solomon, Dan Chatel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

331 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Terror management research has shown that reminding Ss of their mortality leads to intolerance. The present research assessed whether mortality salience would lead to increased intolerance when the value of tolerance is highly accessible. In Study 1, given that liberals value tolerance more than conservatives, it was hypothesized that with mortality salience, dislike of dissimilar others would increase among conservatives but decrease among liberals. Liberal and conservative Ss were induced to think about their own mortality or a neutral topic and then were asked to evaluate 2 target persons, 1 liberal, the other conservative. Ss' evaluations of the targets supported these hypotheses. In Study 2, the value of tolerance was primed for half the Ss and, under mortality-salient or control conditions, Ss evaluated a target person who criticized the United States. Mortality salience did not lead to negative reactions to the critic when the value of tolerance was highly accessible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-220
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume63
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1992

Fingerprint

worldview
tolerance
terrorism
mortality
Mortality
management
Values
human being
Research
critic
evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Terror Management and Tolerance : Does Mortality Salience Always Intensify Negative Reactions to Others Who Threaten One's Worldview? / Greenberg, Jeff L; Simon, Linda; Pyszczynski, Tom; Solomon, Sheldon; Chatel, Dan.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 63, No. 2, 08.1992, p. 212-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{08835ae2a279482094d94e1c18cd27de,
title = "Terror Management and Tolerance: Does Mortality Salience Always Intensify Negative Reactions to Others Who Threaten One's Worldview?",
abstract = "Terror management research has shown that reminding Ss of their mortality leads to intolerance. The present research assessed whether mortality salience would lead to increased intolerance when the value of tolerance is highly accessible. In Study 1, given that liberals value tolerance more than conservatives, it was hypothesized that with mortality salience, dislike of dissimilar others would increase among conservatives but decrease among liberals. Liberal and conservative Ss were induced to think about their own mortality or a neutral topic and then were asked to evaluate 2 target persons, 1 liberal, the other conservative. Ss' evaluations of the targets supported these hypotheses. In Study 2, the value of tolerance was primed for half the Ss and, under mortality-salient or control conditions, Ss evaluated a target person who criticized the United States. Mortality salience did not lead to negative reactions to the critic when the value of tolerance was highly accessible.",
author = "Greenberg, {Jeff L} and Linda Simon and Tom Pyszczynski and Sheldon Solomon and Dan Chatel",
year = "1992",
month = "8",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "63",
pages = "212--220",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Terror Management and Tolerance

T2 - Does Mortality Salience Always Intensify Negative Reactions to Others Who Threaten One's Worldview?

AU - Greenberg, Jeff L

AU - Simon, Linda

AU - Pyszczynski, Tom

AU - Solomon, Sheldon

AU - Chatel, Dan

PY - 1992/8

Y1 - 1992/8

N2 - Terror management research has shown that reminding Ss of their mortality leads to intolerance. The present research assessed whether mortality salience would lead to increased intolerance when the value of tolerance is highly accessible. In Study 1, given that liberals value tolerance more than conservatives, it was hypothesized that with mortality salience, dislike of dissimilar others would increase among conservatives but decrease among liberals. Liberal and conservative Ss were induced to think about their own mortality or a neutral topic and then were asked to evaluate 2 target persons, 1 liberal, the other conservative. Ss' evaluations of the targets supported these hypotheses. In Study 2, the value of tolerance was primed for half the Ss and, under mortality-salient or control conditions, Ss evaluated a target person who criticized the United States. Mortality salience did not lead to negative reactions to the critic when the value of tolerance was highly accessible.

AB - Terror management research has shown that reminding Ss of their mortality leads to intolerance. The present research assessed whether mortality salience would lead to increased intolerance when the value of tolerance is highly accessible. In Study 1, given that liberals value tolerance more than conservatives, it was hypothesized that with mortality salience, dislike of dissimilar others would increase among conservatives but decrease among liberals. Liberal and conservative Ss were induced to think about their own mortality or a neutral topic and then were asked to evaluate 2 target persons, 1 liberal, the other conservative. Ss' evaluations of the targets supported these hypotheses. In Study 2, the value of tolerance was primed for half the Ss and, under mortality-salient or control conditions, Ss evaluated a target person who criticized the United States. Mortality salience did not lead to negative reactions to the critic when the value of tolerance was highly accessible.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026906006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026906006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 1403612

AN - SCOPUS:0026906006

VL - 63

SP - 212

EP - 220

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 2

ER -