Tetraethylammonium transport by isolated perfused snake renal tubules.

C. T. Hawk, William H Dantzler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tetraethylammonium (TEA) transport was studied in isolated perfused snake (Thamnophis spp.) proximal renal tubules. Unidirectional lumen-to-bath (J1----bTEA) and bath-to-lumen (J1----bTEA) fluxes exhibited saturation kinetics, but Jb----1TEA also exhibited an apparent diffusive component and J1----bTEA did not. Jb----1TEA exceeded J1----bTEA at all concentrations studied, resulting in net TEA secretion. Transport into cells across both luminal and peritubular membranes was apparently against an electro-chemical gradient and was inhibited by cyanide. Km for J1----bTEA (5.9 microM) was about one-third Km for Jb----1TEA (19.9 microM), indicating greater affinity of the luminal transporter for TEA; but Vmax for Jb----1TEA (153 fmol X min-1 X mm-1) was about six times Vmax for J1----bTEA (27 fmol X min-1 X mm-1), indicating a greater capacity of the peritubular transporter for TEA, which could account for net TEA secretion. Jb----1TEA was inhibited by N-methylnicotinamide (NMN) in the bath, but J1----bTEA was inhibited initially and then apparently transstimulated by NMN in the lumen, indicating possible countertransport. J1----bTEA, but not Jb----1TEA, was significantly reduced by replacement of sodium with sucrose, indicating possible sodium dependency of the luminal transporter. All data indicate active (either primary or secondary) TEA transport at both luminal and peritubular membranes but net transepithelial transport in the bath-to-lumen direction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe American journal of physiology
Volume246
Issue number4 Pt 2
StatePublished - Apr 1984

Fingerprint

Tetraethylammonium
Snakes
Baths
Kidney
Sodium
Colubridae
Proximal Kidney Tubule
Membranes
Cyanides
Sucrose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Tetraethylammonium transport by isolated perfused snake renal tubules. / Hawk, C. T.; Dantzler, William H.

In: The American journal of physiology, Vol. 246, No. 4 Pt 2, 04.1984.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{addb4c1d79c746e59cea1ad1bb62f434,
title = "Tetraethylammonium transport by isolated perfused snake renal tubules.",
abstract = "Tetraethylammonium (TEA) transport was studied in isolated perfused snake (Thamnophis spp.) proximal renal tubules. Unidirectional lumen-to-bath (J1----bTEA) and bath-to-lumen (J1----bTEA) fluxes exhibited saturation kinetics, but Jb----1TEA also exhibited an apparent diffusive component and J1----bTEA did not. Jb----1TEA exceeded J1----bTEA at all concentrations studied, resulting in net TEA secretion. Transport into cells across both luminal and peritubular membranes was apparently against an electro-chemical gradient and was inhibited by cyanide. Km for J1----bTEA (5.9 microM) was about one-third Km for Jb----1TEA (19.9 microM), indicating greater affinity of the luminal transporter for TEA; but Vmax for Jb----1TEA (153 fmol X min-1 X mm-1) was about six times Vmax for J1----bTEA (27 fmol X min-1 X mm-1), indicating a greater capacity of the peritubular transporter for TEA, which could account for net TEA secretion. Jb----1TEA was inhibited by N-methylnicotinamide (NMN) in the bath, but J1----bTEA was inhibited initially and then apparently transstimulated by NMN in the lumen, indicating possible countertransport. J1----bTEA, but not Jb----1TEA, was significantly reduced by replacement of sodium with sucrose, indicating possible sodium dependency of the luminal transporter. All data indicate active (either primary or secondary) TEA transport at both luminal and peritubular membranes but net transepithelial transport in the bath-to-lumen direction.",
author = "Hawk, {C. T.} and Dantzler, {William H}",
year = "1984",
month = "4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "246",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology",
issn = "0363-6143",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "4 Pt 2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tetraethylammonium transport by isolated perfused snake renal tubules.

AU - Hawk, C. T.

AU - Dantzler, William H

PY - 1984/4

Y1 - 1984/4

N2 - Tetraethylammonium (TEA) transport was studied in isolated perfused snake (Thamnophis spp.) proximal renal tubules. Unidirectional lumen-to-bath (J1----bTEA) and bath-to-lumen (J1----bTEA) fluxes exhibited saturation kinetics, but Jb----1TEA also exhibited an apparent diffusive component and J1----bTEA did not. Jb----1TEA exceeded J1----bTEA at all concentrations studied, resulting in net TEA secretion. Transport into cells across both luminal and peritubular membranes was apparently against an electro-chemical gradient and was inhibited by cyanide. Km for J1----bTEA (5.9 microM) was about one-third Km for Jb----1TEA (19.9 microM), indicating greater affinity of the luminal transporter for TEA; but Vmax for Jb----1TEA (153 fmol X min-1 X mm-1) was about six times Vmax for J1----bTEA (27 fmol X min-1 X mm-1), indicating a greater capacity of the peritubular transporter for TEA, which could account for net TEA secretion. Jb----1TEA was inhibited by N-methylnicotinamide (NMN) in the bath, but J1----bTEA was inhibited initially and then apparently transstimulated by NMN in the lumen, indicating possible countertransport. J1----bTEA, but not Jb----1TEA, was significantly reduced by replacement of sodium with sucrose, indicating possible sodium dependency of the luminal transporter. All data indicate active (either primary or secondary) TEA transport at both luminal and peritubular membranes but net transepithelial transport in the bath-to-lumen direction.

AB - Tetraethylammonium (TEA) transport was studied in isolated perfused snake (Thamnophis spp.) proximal renal tubules. Unidirectional lumen-to-bath (J1----bTEA) and bath-to-lumen (J1----bTEA) fluxes exhibited saturation kinetics, but Jb----1TEA also exhibited an apparent diffusive component and J1----bTEA did not. Jb----1TEA exceeded J1----bTEA at all concentrations studied, resulting in net TEA secretion. Transport into cells across both luminal and peritubular membranes was apparently against an electro-chemical gradient and was inhibited by cyanide. Km for J1----bTEA (5.9 microM) was about one-third Km for Jb----1TEA (19.9 microM), indicating greater affinity of the luminal transporter for TEA; but Vmax for Jb----1TEA (153 fmol X min-1 X mm-1) was about six times Vmax for J1----bTEA (27 fmol X min-1 X mm-1), indicating a greater capacity of the peritubular transporter for TEA, which could account for net TEA secretion. Jb----1TEA was inhibited by N-methylnicotinamide (NMN) in the bath, but J1----bTEA was inhibited initially and then apparently transstimulated by NMN in the lumen, indicating possible countertransport. J1----bTEA, but not Jb----1TEA, was significantly reduced by replacement of sodium with sucrose, indicating possible sodium dependency of the luminal transporter. All data indicate active (either primary or secondary) TEA transport at both luminal and peritubular membranes but net transepithelial transport in the bath-to-lumen direction.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=18244428822&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=18244428822&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 246

JO - American Journal of Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology

SN - 0363-6143

IS - 4 Pt 2

ER -