The 2-MEV scale in the United States: A measure of children's environmental attitudes based on the Theory of Ecological Attitude

Bruce Johnson, Constantinos C. Manoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Environmental (2-MEV) Scale questionnaire was developed in Europe to measure adolescents' attitudes and gauge the effectiveness of educational programs. It also formed the basis for the Theory of Ecological Attitudes. In the present four-year study, the 2-MEV Scale was modified for use with 9-12-year-old children in the United States. Initial results led to wording revisions and elimination of some items. Confirmatory Factor Analyses indicated that the remaining items fit the Theory of Ecological Attitude well. The Revised 2-MEV Scale was able to measure statistically significant changes in the environmental attitudes of participants in earth education programs but not in a control group. The Revised ENV Scale can be used to evaluate programs and to investigate the relationship between environmental attitudes and other variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-97
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Environmental Education
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2011

Keywords

  • Theory of Ecological Attitude
  • earth education
  • environmental attitudes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Environmental Science(all)

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