We studied the effects of 72 h pretreatment with five polyamine analogues on the cytotoxicity of cis-diaminedichloroplatinum (II) (CDDP) in U-251 MG and SF-188 human brain tumor cells. A colony forming efficiency assay showed that the pretreatment with clinically important analogues 1,11-bis(ethylamino)-4,8-diazaundecane (BE-3-3-3), 1,14-bis (ethylamino)-5,10-diazatetradecane (BE-4-4-4), and 1,19-bis(ethylamino)-5,10,15-triazanonadecane (BE-4-4-4-4) increased the cytotoxicity of CDDP by 1.3 to 2.3-fold; 1,19-diamino-5,10,15-triazanonadecane (4-4-4-4) did not affect CDDP cytotoxicity, and 1,11-diamino-4,8-diazaundecane (3-3-3) protected cells from the cytotoxic effects of CDDP. An alkaline elution assay detected a small increase in DNA interstrand cross-links accompanying the enhancement of CDDP cytotoxicity only in cells pretreated with BE-3-3-3. This study is the first to show that the Z-DNA inducing abilities of the polyamine analogues in synthetic polynucleotides in vitro correlates inversely with their effects on CDDP cytotoxicity in human tumor cells in culture.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1996|
- Chromatin structure
- DNA cross-linking
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research