The active galactic nuclei contribution to the mid-infrared emission of luminous infrared galaxies

K. Brand, A. Dey, D. Weedman, V. Desai, E. L E Floc'H, Buell Tomasson Jannuzi, B. T. Soifer, M. J I Brown, P. Eisenhardt, V. Gorjian, C. Papovich, H. A. Smith, S. P. Willner, R. J. Cool

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We determine the contribution of AGN to the mid-IR emission of luminous infrared galaxies (LIRGs) at z > 0.6 by measuring the mid-IR dust continuum slope of 20,039 mid-IR sources. The 24 μm sources are selected from a Spitzer MIPS survey of the NOAO Deep Wide-Field Survey Boötes field and have corresponding 8 μm data from the IRAC Shallow Survey. There is a clear bimodal distribution in the 24 to 8 μm flux ratio. The X-ray-detected sources fall within the peak corresponding to a flat spectrum in vf v, implying that it is populated by AGN-dominated LIRGs, whereas the peak corresponding to a higher 24 to 8 μm flux ratio is likely due to LIRGs whose IR emission is powered by starbursts. The 24 μm emission is increasingly dominated by AGN at higher 24 μm flux densities (f 24): the AGN fraction of the z > 0.6 sources increases from 9% at f24 ≈ 0.35 mJy to 74% ±20% at f24 ≈ 3 mJy, in good agreement with model predictions. Deep 24 μm, small-area surveys, like GOODS, will be strongly dominated by starburst galaxies. AGN are responsible for ∼3%-7% of the total 24 μm background.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-147
Number of pages5
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume644
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2006
Externally publishedYes

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active galactic nuclei
galaxies
field survey
starburst galaxies
dust
flux density
slopes
prediction
continuums
predictions
x rays
distribution
measuring
goods

Keywords

  • Galaxies: active
  • Galaxies: starburst
  • Infrared: galaxies
  • X-rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

The active galactic nuclei contribution to the mid-infrared emission of luminous infrared galaxies. / Brand, K.; Dey, A.; Weedman, D.; Desai, V.; Floc'H, E. L E; Jannuzi, Buell Tomasson; Soifer, B. T.; Brown, M. J I; Eisenhardt, P.; Gorjian, V.; Papovich, C.; Smith, H. A.; Willner, S. P.; Cool, R. J.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 644, No. 1, 10.06.2006, p. 143-147.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brand, K, Dey, A, Weedman, D, Desai, V, Floc'H, ELE, Jannuzi, BT, Soifer, BT, Brown, MJI, Eisenhardt, P, Gorjian, V, Papovich, C, Smith, HA, Willner, SP & Cool, RJ 2006, 'The active galactic nuclei contribution to the mid-infrared emission of luminous infrared galaxies', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 644, no. 1, pp. 143-147. https://doi.org/10.1086/503416
Brand, K. ; Dey, A. ; Weedman, D. ; Desai, V. ; Floc'H, E. L E ; Jannuzi, Buell Tomasson ; Soifer, B. T. ; Brown, M. J I ; Eisenhardt, P. ; Gorjian, V. ; Papovich, C. ; Smith, H. A. ; Willner, S. P. ; Cool, R. J. / The active galactic nuclei contribution to the mid-infrared emission of luminous infrared galaxies. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 644, No. 1. pp. 143-147.
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AU - Jannuzi, Buell Tomasson

AU - Soifer, B. T.

AU - Brown, M. J I

AU - Eisenhardt, P.

AU - Gorjian, V.

AU - Papovich, C.

AU - Smith, H. A.

AU - Willner, S. P.

AU - Cool, R. J.

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AB - We determine the contribution of AGN to the mid-IR emission of luminous infrared galaxies (LIRGs) at z > 0.6 by measuring the mid-IR dust continuum slope of 20,039 mid-IR sources. The 24 μm sources are selected from a Spitzer MIPS survey of the NOAO Deep Wide-Field Survey Boötes field and have corresponding 8 μm data from the IRAC Shallow Survey. There is a clear bimodal distribution in the 24 to 8 μm flux ratio. The X-ray-detected sources fall within the peak corresponding to a flat spectrum in vf v, implying that it is populated by AGN-dominated LIRGs, whereas the peak corresponding to a higher 24 to 8 μm flux ratio is likely due to LIRGs whose IR emission is powered by starbursts. The 24 μm emission is increasingly dominated by AGN at higher 24 μm flux densities (f 24): the AGN fraction of the z > 0.6 sources increases from 9% at f24 ≈ 0.35 mJy to 74% ±20% at f24 ≈ 3 mJy, in good agreement with model predictions. Deep 24 μm, small-area surveys, like GOODS, will be strongly dominated by starburst galaxies. AGN are responsible for ∼3%-7% of the total 24 μm background.

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