The ages, masses and star formation rates of spectroscopically confirmed z 6 galaxies in candels

E. Curtis-Lake, R. J. McLure, J. S. Dunlop, M. Schenker, A. B. Rogers, T. Targett, M. Cirasuolo, O. Almaini, M. L.N. Ashby, E. J. Bradshaw, S. L. Finkelstein, M. Dickinson, R. S. Ellis, S. M. Faber, G. G. Fazio, H. C. Ferguson, A. Fontana, N. A. Grogin, W. G. Hartley, D. D. KocevskiA. M. Koekemoer, K. Lai, B. E. Robertson, Willner S.P. Vanzella

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the results of a study exploring the stellar populations of 13 luminous (L > 1.2L), spectroscopically confirmed, galaxies in the redshift interval 5.5 < z < 6.5, all with Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Wide Field Camera 3/infrared and Spitzer Infrared Array Camera imaging from the HST/Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Survey and Spitzer Extended Deep Survey. Based on fittingthe observed photometry with galaxy spectral energy distribution (SED) templates covering a wide range of different star formation histories, including exponentially increasing star formation rates and a self-consistent treatment of Lyα emission, we find that the derived stellar masses lie within the range of 109<M< 1010 M and are robust to within a factor of 2. In contrast, we confirmprevious reports that the ages of the stellar populations are poorly constrained. Although the best-fitting models for 3/13 of the sample have ages of 300 Myr, the degeneracies introduced by dust extinction mean that only two of these objects actually require a 300 Myr old stellar populat on to reproduce the observed photometry.We also explore SED fittingwith more general, two-component models (burst plus ongoing star formation), thereby relaxing the requirement that the current star formation rate and assembled stellar mass must be coupled, and allow for nebular line+continuumemission. On average, the inclusion of nebular emission leads to lower stellar mass estimates (median offset 0.18 dex), moderately higher specific star formation rates, and allows for a wider range of plausible stellar ages. However, based on our SED modelling, we find no strong evidence for extremely young ages in our sample (i.e. <50 Myr). Finally, considering all of the different star formation histories explored, we find that the median best-fitting ages are of the order of 200-300 Myr and that the objects with the tightest constraints indicate ages in the range of 50-200 Myr

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-322
Number of pages21
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume429
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 20 2013

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Keywords

  • Evolution - galaxies
  • Formation - galaxies
  • High-redshift
  • galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Curtis-Lake, E., McLure, R. J., Dunlop, J. S., Schenker, M., Rogers, A. B., Targett, T., Cirasuolo, M., Almaini, O., Ashby, M. L. N., Bradshaw, E. J., Finkelstein, S. L., Dickinson, M., Ellis, R. S., Faber, S. M., Fazio, G. G., Ferguson, H. C., Fontana, A., Grogin, N. A., Hartley, W. G., ... Vanzella, W. S. P. (2013). The ages, masses and star formation rates of spectroscopically confirmed z 6 galaxies in candels. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 429(1), 302-322. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sts338