The architecture of generativity in a digital ecosystem: A network biology perspective

Sung Yong Um, Youngjin Yoo, Sunil Wattal, Rob J. Kulathinal, Bin Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Firms are increasingly relying on third-party developers to innovate by building open digital ecosystems. We draw on a network biology approach to explore the structural pattern of how individual modules in a digital ecosystem interact with one another to produce an ever-evolving ecosystem landscape. We perform an empirical study of WordPress.org, the world's largest blog service platform. Using text mining and network analyses, we extract API (Application Programming Interfaces) used in plug-ins developed by third party developers, characterizing each plug-in as a combination of APIs. We further construct a topological overlap plot of the WordPress ecosystem comprising of APIs that are used with each plug-in allowing us to examine the underlying structure of generativity in the WordPress ecosystem through a co-expression network of APIs. Our results show that APIs form a complex and dynamic ecosystem that follow a discernible pattern distinctive from known distributions, even though there is no central designer who coordinates the design of all plug-ins and overall growth of the entire WordPress ecosystem. Our analysis shows that while APIs created by the focal firm play a central role in shaping the architecture of generativity of its ecosystem, some of the external APIs developed by other firms also play an important role in shaping the ecosystem, showing the distributed nature of the architecture of the generativity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2013): Reshaping Society Through Information Systems Design
Pages3721-3733
Number of pages13
Volume4
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Conference on Information Systems, ICIS 2013 - Milan, Italy
Duration: Dec 15 2013Dec 18 2013

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Information Systems, ICIS 2013
CountryItaly
CityMilan
Period12/15/1312/18/13

Fingerprint

Ecosystem
Ecosystems
Biology
biology
Application programming interfaces (API)
firm
weblog
programming
Plug-in
Architecture
Digital ecosystems
Blogs
Text Mining
Empirical Study
Overlap
Programming
Entire
Module

Keywords

  • Co-expression network
  • Generativity
  • Landscape
  • Open digital ecosystem
  • Topologic overlap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Library and Information Sciences

Cite this

Um, S. Y., Yoo, Y., Wattal, S., Kulathinal, R. J., & Zhang, B. (2013). The architecture of generativity in a digital ecosystem: A network biology perspective. In International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2013): Reshaping Society Through Information Systems Design (Vol. 4, pp. 3721-3733)

The architecture of generativity in a digital ecosystem : A network biology perspective. / Um, Sung Yong; Yoo, Youngjin; Wattal, Sunil; Kulathinal, Rob J.; Zhang, Bin.

International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2013): Reshaping Society Through Information Systems Design. Vol. 4 2013. p. 3721-3733.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Um, SY, Yoo, Y, Wattal, S, Kulathinal, RJ & Zhang, B 2013, The architecture of generativity in a digital ecosystem: A network biology perspective. in International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2013): Reshaping Society Through Information Systems Design. vol. 4, pp. 3721-3733, International Conference on Information Systems, ICIS 2013, Milan, Italy, 12/15/13.
Um SY, Yoo Y, Wattal S, Kulathinal RJ, Zhang B. The architecture of generativity in a digital ecosystem: A network biology perspective. In International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2013): Reshaping Society Through Information Systems Design. Vol. 4. 2013. p. 3721-3733
Um, Sung Yong ; Yoo, Youngjin ; Wattal, Sunil ; Kulathinal, Rob J. ; Zhang, Bin. / The architecture of generativity in a digital ecosystem : A network biology perspective. International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2013): Reshaping Society Through Information Systems Design. Vol. 4 2013. pp. 3721-3733
@inproceedings{5cd71369c5e74090ab80a01a9db78262,
title = "The architecture of generativity in a digital ecosystem: A network biology perspective",
abstract = "Firms are increasingly relying on third-party developers to innovate by building open digital ecosystems. We draw on a network biology approach to explore the structural pattern of how individual modules in a digital ecosystem interact with one another to produce an ever-evolving ecosystem landscape. We perform an empirical study of WordPress.org, the world's largest blog service platform. Using text mining and network analyses, we extract API (Application Programming Interfaces) used in plug-ins developed by third party developers, characterizing each plug-in as a combination of APIs. We further construct a topological overlap plot of the WordPress ecosystem comprising of APIs that are used with each plug-in allowing us to examine the underlying structure of generativity in the WordPress ecosystem through a co-expression network of APIs. Our results show that APIs form a complex and dynamic ecosystem that follow a discernible pattern distinctive from known distributions, even though there is no central designer who coordinates the design of all plug-ins and overall growth of the entire WordPress ecosystem. Our analysis shows that while APIs created by the focal firm play a central role in shaping the architecture of generativity of its ecosystem, some of the external APIs developed by other firms also play an important role in shaping the ecosystem, showing the distributed nature of the architecture of the generativity.",
keywords = "Co-expression network, Generativity, Landscape, Open digital ecosystem, Topologic overlap",
author = "Um, {Sung Yong} and Youngjin Yoo and Sunil Wattal and Kulathinal, {Rob J.} and Bin Zhang",
year = "2013",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781629934266",
volume = "4",
pages = "3721--3733",
booktitle = "International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2013): Reshaping Society Through Information Systems Design",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - The architecture of generativity in a digital ecosystem

T2 - A network biology perspective

AU - Um, Sung Yong

AU - Yoo, Youngjin

AU - Wattal, Sunil

AU - Kulathinal, Rob J.

AU - Zhang, Bin

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Firms are increasingly relying on third-party developers to innovate by building open digital ecosystems. We draw on a network biology approach to explore the structural pattern of how individual modules in a digital ecosystem interact with one another to produce an ever-evolving ecosystem landscape. We perform an empirical study of WordPress.org, the world's largest blog service platform. Using text mining and network analyses, we extract API (Application Programming Interfaces) used in plug-ins developed by third party developers, characterizing each plug-in as a combination of APIs. We further construct a topological overlap plot of the WordPress ecosystem comprising of APIs that are used with each plug-in allowing us to examine the underlying structure of generativity in the WordPress ecosystem through a co-expression network of APIs. Our results show that APIs form a complex and dynamic ecosystem that follow a discernible pattern distinctive from known distributions, even though there is no central designer who coordinates the design of all plug-ins and overall growth of the entire WordPress ecosystem. Our analysis shows that while APIs created by the focal firm play a central role in shaping the architecture of generativity of its ecosystem, some of the external APIs developed by other firms also play an important role in shaping the ecosystem, showing the distributed nature of the architecture of the generativity.

AB - Firms are increasingly relying on third-party developers to innovate by building open digital ecosystems. We draw on a network biology approach to explore the structural pattern of how individual modules in a digital ecosystem interact with one another to produce an ever-evolving ecosystem landscape. We perform an empirical study of WordPress.org, the world's largest blog service platform. Using text mining and network analyses, we extract API (Application Programming Interfaces) used in plug-ins developed by third party developers, characterizing each plug-in as a combination of APIs. We further construct a topological overlap plot of the WordPress ecosystem comprising of APIs that are used with each plug-in allowing us to examine the underlying structure of generativity in the WordPress ecosystem through a co-expression network of APIs. Our results show that APIs form a complex and dynamic ecosystem that follow a discernible pattern distinctive from known distributions, even though there is no central designer who coordinates the design of all plug-ins and overall growth of the entire WordPress ecosystem. Our analysis shows that while APIs created by the focal firm play a central role in shaping the architecture of generativity of its ecosystem, some of the external APIs developed by other firms also play an important role in shaping the ecosystem, showing the distributed nature of the architecture of the generativity.

KW - Co-expression network

KW - Generativity

KW - Landscape

KW - Open digital ecosystem

KW - Topologic overlap

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897804942&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897804942&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84897804942

SN - 9781629934266

VL - 4

SP - 3721

EP - 3733

BT - International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2013): Reshaping Society Through Information Systems Design

ER -