The arizona radio observatory co mapping survey of galactic molecular clouds. IV. the NGC 1333 cloud in Perseus in CO J = 2-1 and 13CO J = 2-1

John H Bieging, Melissa Revelle, William L. Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


We mapped the NGC 1333 section of the Perseus Molecular Cloud in the J = 2-1 emission lines of 12CO and 13CO over a 50′ × 60′ region (3.4 × 4.1 pc at the cloud distance of 235 pc), using the Arizona Radio Observatory Heinrich Hertz Submillimeter Telescope. The angular resolution is 38″ (0.04 pc) and velocity resolution is 0.3 km s-1. We compare our velocity moment maps with known positions of young stellar objects (YSOs) and (sub)millimeter dust continuum emission. The CO emission is brightest at the center of the cluster of YSOs, but is detected over the full extent of the mapped region at ≥10 × rms. The morphology of the CO channel maps shows a kinematically complex structure, with many elongated features extending from the YSO cluster outward by ∼1 pc. One notable feature appears as a narrow serpentine structure that curves and doubles back, with a total length of ∼3 pc. The 13CO velocity channel maps show evidence for many low-density cavities surrounded by partial shell-like structures, consistent with previous studies. Maps of the velocity moments show localized effects of bipolar outflows from embedded YSOs, as well as a large-scale velocity gradient around the central core of YSOs, suggestive of large-scale turbulent cloud motions determining the location of current star formation. The CO/13CO intensity ratios show the distribution of the CO opacity, which exhibits a complex kinematic structure. Identified YSOs are located mainly at the positions of greatest CO opacity. The maps are available for download as FITS files.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2014



  • ISM: clouds
  • ISM: individual objects (NGC 1333)
  • ISM: kinematics and dynamics
  • ISM: molecules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this