The Art and Science of Diagnosing and Treating Lung and Heart Disease Secondary to Liver Disease

David S. Goldberg, Michael B. Fallon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with chronic liver disease are at risk of extrahepatic complications related to cirrhosis and portal hypertension, as well as organ-specific complications of certain liver diseases. These complications can compromise quality of life, while also increasing morbidity and mortality before and after liver transplantation. Patients with chronic liver disease are at risk for pulmonary complications of hepatopulmonary syndrome and portopulmonary syndrome; the cardiac complication fall under the general concept of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, which can affect systolic and diastolic function, as well as cardiac conduction. In addition, patients with certain diseases are at risk of lung and/or cardiac complications that are specific to the primary disease (ie, emphysema in α-1-antitrypsin deficiency) or occur with increased incidence in certain conditions (ie, ischemic heart disease associated with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis). This article focuses on the epidemiology, clinical presentation, pathogenesis, treatment options, and role of transplantation for lung and heart diseases secondary to liver disease, while also highlighting select liver diseases that directly affect the lungs and heart.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2118-2127
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume13
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hepatopulmonary Syndrome
  • Portopulmonary Hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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