The association of energy intake bias with psychological scores of women

Douglas L. Taren, M. Tobar, A. Hill, W. Howell, C. Shisslak, I. Bell, C. Ritenbaugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations


Objective: Assess the association between reporting bias of dietary energy intake and the behavioral and psychological profiles in women, Design: At baseline a series of questionnaires were administered to 37 women, (the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale, Weinberger Adjustment Inventory (WAI), the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), the Restraint Scale and Sorensen-Stunkard's silhouettes). Subjects received training on how to record dietary records. Subjects recorded three days of dietary records to measure energy intake (EI) during a study to determine total energy expenditure (TEE) using doubly labeled water. Reporting accuracy (RA = EI/TEE x 100) was determined for each subject. Statistical analysis of the data used a mixed effects model accounting for within subject variability to determine if the psychological scores were associated with reporting accuracy. Setting and subject: Women were recruited with local advertisements in Tucson, Arizona. The women had a mean (± 1 s.d.) age of 43.6 ± 9.3 yrs, body mass index (BMI) of 28.7 ± 8.5 kg/m2 and total body fat (%TBF) of 31.9 ± 7.3%. Results: Age and %TBF were significantly and inversely associated with RA. Furthermore, Social Desirability was negatively associated with RA. Body dissatisfaction and associating a smaller body size than one's own as being more healthy were also associated with a lower RA. Conclusions: These results suggest that Social Desirability and self image of body shape are associated with RA. Modifications in subject training may reduce the effect of these factors on RA. Sponsorship: This project was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)570-578
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1999


  • Dietary methods
  • Doubly labeled water
  • Energy expenditure
  • Psychological scores
  • Reporting bias
  • Social desirability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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