The baryonic tully-fisher relationship for S4G galaxies and the "condensed" baryon fraction of galaxies

Dennis Zaritsky, Helene Courtois, Juan Carlos Muñoz-Mateos, Jenny Sorce, S. Erroz-Ferrer, S. Comerón, D. A. Gadotti, A. Gil De Paz, J. L. Hinz, E. Laurikainen, T. Kim, J. Laine, K. Menéndez-Delmestre, T. Mizusawa, M. W. Regan, H. Salo, M. Seibert, K. Sheth, E. Athanassoula, A. BosmaM. Cisternas, Luis C. Ho, B. Holwerda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

We combine data from the Spitzer Survey for Stellar Structure in Galaxies, a recently calibrated empirical stellar mass estimator from Eskew et al., and an extensive database of H I spectral line profiles to examine the baryonic Tully-Fisher (BTF) relation. We find (1) that the BTF has lower scatter than the classic Tully-Fisher (TF) relation and is better described as a linear relationship, confirming similar previous results, (2) that the inclusion of a radial scale in the BTF decreases the scatter but only modestly, as seen previously for the TF relation, and (3) that the slope of the BTF, which we find to be 3.5 ± 0.2 (Δlog M baryon/Δlog vc ), implies that on average a nearly constant fraction (0.4) of all baryons expected to be in a halo are "condensed" onto the central region of rotationally supported galaxies. The condensed baryon fraction, M baryon/M total, is, to our measurement precision, nearly independent of galaxy circular velocity (our sample spans circular velocities, v c , between 60 and 250 km s-1, but is extended to v c 10 km s-1 using data from the literature). The observed galaxy-to-galaxy scatter in this fraction is generally ≤ a factor of 2 despite fairly liberal selection criteria. These results imply that cooling and heating processes, such as cold versus hot accretion, mass loss due to stellar winds, and active galactic nucleus driven feedback, to the degree that they affect the global galactic properties involved in the BTF, are independent of halo mass for galaxies with 10 < vc < 250 km s-1 and typically introduce no more than a factor of two range in the resulting M baryon/M total. Recent simulations by Aumer et al. of a small sample of disk galaxies are in excellent agreement with our data, suggesting that current simulations are capable of reproducing the global properties of individual disk galaxies. More detailed comparison to models using the BTF holds great promise, but awaits improved determinations of the stellar masses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume147
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: fundamental parameters
  • galaxies: stellar content
  • galaxies: structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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