The calibration of mid-infrared star formation rate indicators

D. Calzetti, R. C. Kennicutt, C. W. Engelbracht, C. Leitherer, B. T. Draine, L. Kewley, J. Moustakas, M. Sosey, D. A. Dale, K. D. Gordon, G. X. Helou, D. J. Hollenbach, L. Armus, G. Bendo, C. Bot, B. Buckalew, T. Jarrett, A. Li, M. Meyer, E. J. MurphyM. Prescott, M. W. Regan, George H. Rieke, H. Roussel, K. Sheth, J. D T Smith, M. D. Thornley, F. Walter

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Abstract

With the goal of investigating the degree to which the MIR emission traces the SFR, we analyze Spitzer 8 and 24 ßm data of star-forming regions in a sample of 33 nearby galaxies with available HST NICMOS images in the Pan ( 1.8756 μm) emission line. The galaxies are drawn from the SINGS sample and cover a range of morphologies and a factor ∼ 10 in oxygen abundance. Published data on local low-metallicity starburst galaxies and LIRGs are also included in the analysis. Both the stellar continuum-subtracted 8 μ emission and the 24 μm emission correlate with the extinction-corrected Paa line emission, although neither relationship is linear, Simple models of stellar populations and dust extinction and emission are able to reproduce the observed nonlinear trend of the 24 //m emission versus number of ionizing photons, including the modest deficiency of 24 μm emission in the low-metallicity regions, which results from a combination of decreasing dust opacity and dust temperature at low luminosities. Conversely, the trend of the 8 μm emission as a function of the number of ionizing photons is not well reproduced by the same models. The 8 μm emission is contributed, in larger measure than the 24 μm emission, by dust heated by nonionizing stellar populations, in addition to the ionizing ones, in agreement with previous findings. Two SFR calibrations, one using the 24 μm emission and the other using a combination of the 24 μm and Ha luminosities (Kennicutt and coworkers), are presented. No calibration is presented for the 8 μm emission because of its significant dependence on both metallicity and environment. The calibrations presented here should be directly applicable to systems dominated by ongoing star formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)870-895
Number of pages26
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume666
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

Fingerprint

infrared stars
star formation rate
calibration
dust
metallicity
indicator
rate
extinction
luminosity
galaxies
trends
starburst galaxies
photons
opacity

Keywords

  • Galaxies: interactions
  • Galaxies: ISM
  • Galaxies: starburst
  • ISM: structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Calzetti, D., Kennicutt, R. C., Engelbracht, C. W., Leitherer, C., Draine, B. T., Kewley, L., ... Walter, F. (2007). The calibration of mid-infrared star formation rate indicators. Astrophysical Journal, 666(2 I), 870-895. https://doi.org/10.1086/520082

The calibration of mid-infrared star formation rate indicators. / Calzetti, D.; Kennicutt, R. C.; Engelbracht, C. W.; Leitherer, C.; Draine, B. T.; Kewley, L.; Moustakas, J.; Sosey, M.; Dale, D. A.; Gordon, K. D.; Helou, G. X.; Hollenbach, D. J.; Armus, L.; Bendo, G.; Bot, C.; Buckalew, B.; Jarrett, T.; Li, A.; Meyer, M.; Murphy, E. J.; Prescott, M.; Regan, M. W.; Rieke, George H.; Roussel, H.; Sheth, K.; Smith, J. D T; Thornley, M. D.; Walter, F.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 666, No. 2 I, 2007, p. 870-895.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Calzetti, D, Kennicutt, RC, Engelbracht, CW, Leitherer, C, Draine, BT, Kewley, L, Moustakas, J, Sosey, M, Dale, DA, Gordon, KD, Helou, GX, Hollenbach, DJ, Armus, L, Bendo, G, Bot, C, Buckalew, B, Jarrett, T, Li, A, Meyer, M, Murphy, EJ, Prescott, M, Regan, MW, Rieke, GH, Roussel, H, Sheth, K, Smith, JDT, Thornley, MD & Walter, F 2007, 'The calibration of mid-infrared star formation rate indicators', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 666, no. 2 I, pp. 870-895. https://doi.org/10.1086/520082
Calzetti D, Kennicutt RC, Engelbracht CW, Leitherer C, Draine BT, Kewley L et al. The calibration of mid-infrared star formation rate indicators. Astrophysical Journal. 2007;666(2 I):870-895. https://doi.org/10.1086/520082
Calzetti, D. ; Kennicutt, R. C. ; Engelbracht, C. W. ; Leitherer, C. ; Draine, B. T. ; Kewley, L. ; Moustakas, J. ; Sosey, M. ; Dale, D. A. ; Gordon, K. D. ; Helou, G. X. ; Hollenbach, D. J. ; Armus, L. ; Bendo, G. ; Bot, C. ; Buckalew, B. ; Jarrett, T. ; Li, A. ; Meyer, M. ; Murphy, E. J. ; Prescott, M. ; Regan, M. W. ; Rieke, George H. ; Roussel, H. ; Sheth, K. ; Smith, J. D T ; Thornley, M. D. ; Walter, F. / The calibration of mid-infrared star formation rate indicators. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2007 ; Vol. 666, No. 2 I. pp. 870-895.
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AU - Calzetti, D.

AU - Kennicutt, R. C.

AU - Engelbracht, C. W.

AU - Leitherer, C.

AU - Draine, B. T.

AU - Kewley, L.

AU - Moustakas, J.

AU - Sosey, M.

AU - Dale, D. A.

AU - Gordon, K. D.

AU - Helou, G. X.

AU - Hollenbach, D. J.

AU - Armus, L.

AU - Bendo, G.

AU - Bot, C.

AU - Buckalew, B.

AU - Jarrett, T.

AU - Li, A.

AU - Meyer, M.

AU - Murphy, E. J.

AU - Prescott, M.

AU - Regan, M. W.

AU - Rieke, George H.

AU - Roussel, H.

AU - Sheth, K.

AU - Smith, J. D T

AU - Thornley, M. D.

AU - Walter, F.

PY - 2007

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N2 - With the goal of investigating the degree to which the MIR emission traces the SFR, we analyze Spitzer 8 and 24 ßm data of star-forming regions in a sample of 33 nearby galaxies with available HST NICMOS images in the Pan ( 1.8756 μm) emission line. The galaxies are drawn from the SINGS sample and cover a range of morphologies and a factor ∼ 10 in oxygen abundance. Published data on local low-metallicity starburst galaxies and LIRGs are also included in the analysis. Both the stellar continuum-subtracted 8 μ emission and the 24 μm emission correlate with the extinction-corrected Paa line emission, although neither relationship is linear, Simple models of stellar populations and dust extinction and emission are able to reproduce the observed nonlinear trend of the 24 //m emission versus number of ionizing photons, including the modest deficiency of 24 μm emission in the low-metallicity regions, which results from a combination of decreasing dust opacity and dust temperature at low luminosities. Conversely, the trend of the 8 μm emission as a function of the number of ionizing photons is not well reproduced by the same models. The 8 μm emission is contributed, in larger measure than the 24 μm emission, by dust heated by nonionizing stellar populations, in addition to the ionizing ones, in agreement with previous findings. Two SFR calibrations, one using the 24 μm emission and the other using a combination of the 24 μm and Ha luminosities (Kennicutt and coworkers), are presented. No calibration is presented for the 8 μm emission because of its significant dependence on both metallicity and environment. The calibrations presented here should be directly applicable to systems dominated by ongoing star formation.

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KW - Galaxies: interactions

KW - Galaxies: ISM

KW - Galaxies: starburst

KW - ISM: structure

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